All Junior Cert French posts
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    Vocabulary, Grammar & Notes SryanBruen

    Like the Irish tips, I will post something new everyday in this

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      SryanBruen

      Greetings

      Bonjour/Salut = Hello

      Quel âge avez-vous? = What age are you?

      Où habitez-vous? = Where do you live?

      Bonsoir = Good night

      Bonjour = Good day

      Au revoir = See you later

      À bientôt = See you soon

      Bienvenue = Welcome

      Comment tu t’appelles? = What is your name?

      Comment allez-vous? = How are you?

      Excusez-moi = Excuse me

      Ça va = How’s it going?

      Merci = Thank you

      Félicitations = Congratulations

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      SryanBruen

      Days of the week

      Lundi = Monday

      Mardi = Tuesday

      Mercredi = Wednesday

      Jeudi = Thursday

      Vendredi = Friday

      Samedi = Saturday

      Dimanche = Sunday

      Months of the year

      janvier = January

      février = February

      mars = March

      avril = April

      mai = May

      juin = June

      juillet = July

      août = August

      septembre = September

      octobre = October

      novembre = November

      décembre = December

      Seasons

      Le printemps = Spring

      L’été = Summer

      L’automne = Autumn

      L’hiver = Winter

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      SryanBruen

      None of the above should be capital btw! Sorry about the capitals

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      SryanBruen

      Colours

      Jaune = Yellow

      Noir = Black

      Violet = Purple

      Rosé = Pink

      Blanc = White

      Orange = Orange

      Rouge = Red

      Vert = Green

      Marron = Brown

      Clair = Light

      Foncé = Dark

      Gris = Gray

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      ACF1

      This is really helpful, thanks!

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      SryanBruen

      Numbers

      Un = One

      Deux = Two

      Trois = Three

      Quatre = Four

      Cinq = Five

      Six = Six

      Sept = Seven

      Huit = Eight

      Neuf = Nine

      Dix = Ten

      Onze = Eleven

      Douze = Twelve

      Treize = Thirteen

      Quatorze = Fourteen

      Quinze = Fifteen

      Seize = Sixteen

      Dix-sept = Seventeen

      Dix-huit = Eighteen

      Dix-neuf = Nineteen

      Vingt = Twenty

      Vingt et-un = Twenty-one

      Trente = Thirty

      Quarante = Forty

      Cinquante = Fifty

      Soixante = Sixty

      Soixante-dix = Seventy

      Quatre-vingts = Eighty

      Quatre-vingt-dix = Ninety

      Cent = One hundred

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      Sarah2014

      thank you

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      SryanBruen

      To form the present tense in regular verbs in French, we need to take off the –er, −ir or –re and add its ending. Example = Je choisir > Je choisis

      Although in verbs such as manger and voyager, in the nous form, an extra e is added before adding on the ons ending.

      Here are the endings of the different types of verbs

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      SryanBruen

      -Er

      Je -e

      Tu -es

      Il -e

      Elle -e

      Nous -ons

      Vous -ez

      Ils -ent

      Elles -ent

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      SryanBruen

      -Ir

      Je -is

      Tu -is

      Il -it

      Elle -it

      Nous -issons

      Vous -issez

      Ils -issent

      Elles -issent

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      SryanBruen

      -Re

      Je -s

      Tu -s

      Il -n/a (no ending, just leave the stem)

      Elle -n/a (no ending, just leave the stem)

      Nous -ons

      Vous -ez

      Ils -ent

      Elles -ent

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      SryanBruen

      Negative form of a verb

      In English, we use the word not to make the sentence negative. In French we use the two words ne and pas.

      Ne becomes n’ before a vowel or silent ‘h’.

      Pas always comes after the verb.

      Example:

      I am going to the seaside.

      Je vais le bord de mer.

      I am not going to the seaside.

      Je ne vais pas le bord de mer.

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      SryanBruen

      I am posting multiple stuff now because of exams

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      Sarah2014

      do you have any past tense notes that would be helpful?

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      SryanBruen

      Passé-composé

      The passé-composé (compound past tense) is used to say something has happened.

      It is formed by using the present tense of the verb Avoir (To have) and adding a past participle. Example: Je choisir > J’ai choisi.

      Past participles of French verbs:

      -Er; -é

      -Ir; i

      -Re; u

      When talking about a feminine noun or pronoun, an e is added to the end of the word.

      For plurals, an s is added to the end of the word unless it already ends in s.

      There are 17 verbs in the French language that use être in the passé-composé instead of avoir.

      Irregular verbs also have irregular endings for the passé-composé.

      There is a way to remember the verbs that use être in the passé-composé. MR DAMPS TAVERN:

      Mourir (To die)

      Retourner (To return) / Rentrer (To return)

      Descendre (To go down) / Devenir (To become)

      Arriver (To arrive)

      Monter (To go up)

      Partir (To leave) / Passer (To spend time)

      Sortir (To go out)

      Tomber (To fall)

      Aller (To go)

      Venir (To come)

      Entrer (To enter)

      Revenir (To come back) / Rester (To remain)

      Naître (To be born)

      Questions in the passé-composé

      Avoid using je and instead use est-ce que to form a question.

      With avoir, a t must be added when the subject is il or elle.

      Irregular verbs in the passé-composé

      Avoir - eu

      Boire - bû

      Devoir - dû

      Lire - lu

      Pouvoir - pu

      Recevoir - reçu

      Savoir - su

      Voir - vu

      Vouloir - voulu

      Mettre - mis

      Prendre - pris

      Dire - dit

      Écrire - écrit

      Être - été

      Faire - fait

      Ouvrir - ouvert

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      SryanBruen

      Avoir is a very important verb in French and it is used quite often.

      It is To have in French.

      J'ai - I have

      Tu as - You have

      Il a - He has

      Elle a - She has

      Nous avons - We have

      Vous avez - You (plural) have

      Ils ont - They (masculine) have

      Elles ont - They (feminine) have

      It is also used when describing age.

      J'ai douze ans - I am 12 but literally means "I have 12 years"

      Tu as dix-huit ans - You are 18 but literally means "You have 18 years"

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      SryanBruen

      Asking a question

      There are three ways of asking a question in French:

      1. Put Est-ce que in front of the statement.

      Example

      C’est un stylo – It is a pen

      Est-ce que c’est un stylo – Is it a pen?

      2. Use inversion. Put the verb first followed by the subject.

      Example

      Tu es Français – I am French

      Est-tu es Français? – Are you French?

      3. Use a questioning tone. You simply raise your voice at the end of the statement to indicate that your asking a question.

      Example

      C’est un stylo – It is a pen

      C’est un ^stylo? – It is a pen?

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      SryanBruen

      Être is another very important verb in French and it is used quite often as well.

      It is To be in French.

      Je suis - I am

      Tu es - You are

      Il est - He is

      Elle est - She is

      Nous sommes

      Vous êtes

      Ils sont

      Elles sont

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      SryanBruen

      Meats

      La viande – meat

      L’agneau – lamb

      Le bacon – bacon

      Le saucisson – sausage

      Le jambon – ham

      Le foie – liver

      Le bœuf – beef

      La dinde – turkey

      Le canard – duck

      Le porc – pork

      Le veau – veal

      Le steak-haché – minced steak

      Le poulet – chicken

      Le lapin – rabbit

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      SryanBruen

      Fruits

      La banane – banana

      La pomme – apple

      L’orange – orange

      La poire – pear

      Le melon – melon

      La datte – date

      Le pamplemousse – grapefruit

      Le raisin – grape

      La cerise – cherry

      Le citron – lemon

      Le citron vert – lime

      La fraise – strawberry

      La framboise – raspberry

      La mûre – blackberry

      La myrtille – blueberry

      La pastèque – watermelon

      La pêche – peach

      La prune – plum

      Le abricot – apricot

      Le ananas – pineapple

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      SryanBruen

      L'ananas - pineapple*

      L'abricot - apricot*

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      SryanBruen

      Vegetables

      L'artichaut – artichoke

      Les asperges – asparagus

      L'aubergine – eggplant

      La carotte – carrot

      Le céleri – celery

      Le champignon – mushroom

      Le chou-fleur – cauliflower

      Le concombre – cucumber

      Les épinards – spinach

      Le haricot – bean

      La laitue – lettuce

      L'oignon – onion

      Le maïs – corn

      Les petits pois – peas

      La pomme de terre – potato

      Le radis – radish

      La tomate - tomato

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      SryanBruen

      Animals

      L’ours – bear

      Le chameau – camel

      Le poulet – chicken

      Le crocodile – crocodile

      Le cerf – deer

      Le dauphin – dolphin

      La baleine – whale

      L’âne – donkey

      Le canard – duck

      L’aigle – eagle

      La grenouille – frog

      L’éléphant – elephant

      La girafe – giraffe

      La chèvre – goat

      Le lion – lion

      Le singe – monkey

      Le souris – mouse

      Le cochon – pig

      Le lapin – rabbit

      Le rat – rat

      Le requin – shark

      Le mouton – sheep

      Le serpent – snake

      L’écureuil – squirrel

      Le loup – wolf

      La panthère – panther

      Le tigre – tiger

      La chauve-souris – bat

      Le castor – beaver

      Le buffle – buffalo

      Le renard – fox

      Le kangourou – kangaroo

      Le koala – koala

      L’élan – moose

      L’oiseau – bird

      La vache – cow

      Le chien – dog

      Le cheval – horse

      Le chat – cat

      Le poisson – fish

      Le poisson-rouge – goldfish

      Le papillon – butterfly

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      SryanBruen

      Faire (To do / make)

      Je fais

      Tu fais

      Il fait

      Elle fait

      Nous faisons

      Vous faitez

      Ils font

      Elles font

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      SryanBruen

      Present tense of Faire ^

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      SryanBruen

      Family members

      Le père – The father

      La mère – The mother

      La sœur – The sister

      Le frère – The brother

      L’enfant – The child

      Le fils – The son

      Les parents – The parents

      Le cousin – The cousin (male)

      La cousine – The cousin (female)

      L’oncle – The uncle

      La tante – The aunt

      Le grand−père – The grandfather

      La grand−mère – The grandmother

      Les grand−parents – The grandparents

      Le beau−père – The stepfather

      La belle−mère – The stepmother

      Le bébé – The baby

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      SryanBruen

      Postcard sentences

      Salut – Hi

      Bonjour – Hello / good day

      Cher / chère – Dear

      Bonjour à tous – Hello to everyone

      Me voici en vacances en France – Here I am on holidays in France

      Dans le sud de la France – In the south of France

      Me voici en vacances à Paris – Here I am on holidays in Paris

      Je suis avec ma famille – I am with my family

      Je suis avec mes camarades de class – I am with my classmates

      Je suis avec ma petite amie – I am with my girlfriend

      Je vais rester une semaine – I’m going to stay a week

      Je serai de retour la semaine prochaine – I will be back next week

      Je fais du camping – I do camping

      Je reste dans un hôtel – I’m staying in a hotel

      Je vais à la plage tous les jours – I go to the beach everyday

      Je vais à la piscine tous les jours – I go to the pool everyday

      Je me bronze toute la journée – I sunbathe all day

      Je nage dans la mer – I swim in the swim

      Je joue au volley – I play volleyball

      Je fais du ski – I do skiing

      Je fais du snowboard – I do snowboarding

      Je fais des randonnées dans les montagnes – I do hiking in the mountains

      Je mange au restaurant – I eat in a restaurant

      Je vais me promener dans les matins – I go for a walk in the evenings

      Je fais un tour dans les boutiques – I do the shops

      Je fais du shopping en ville – I do some shopping in town

      Je visite des attractions touristiques – I visit the tourist attractions

      Je sors avec ma famille – I go out with my family

      Je vais à la discothèque – I go to the disco

      Je suis arrivé – I arrived

      Je suis arrivé hier – I arrived yesterday

      Je suis arrivé la semaine dernière – I arrived last week

      J’ai voyagé en avion – I travelled by plane

      Il fait beau – It is fine

      Il fait chaud – It is hot

      Il y a du soleil – It is sunny

      Il pleut – It is raining

      Il fait un temps magnifique – The weather is magnificent

      Le soleil brille tous les jours – The sun is shining everyday

      Il fait un temps affreux – The weather is awful

      Il fait un temps de canard – It’s a very wet day

      Je m’amuse bien – I am enjoying myself

      C’est super ici – It’s super here

      Ce sont des vacances merveilleuses – This is a brilliant holiday

      Ce sont des vacances de rêves – This is a dream holiday

      L’hôtel est spacieux – The hotel is spacious

      L’hôtel est propre – The hotel is clean

      L’hôtel est confortable – The hotel is comfortable

      Le personnel est très agréable – The staff are very nice

      J’adore la cuisine française – I love the French food

      Je mange du pain français – I eat French bread

      Je serai de retour – I will be back

      C’est tout pour l’insant – That’s all for now

      À bientôt – See you soon

      Je t’embrasse – Hugs

      Bisous – Kisses

      Gros bisous – Big kisses

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      barcelona

      This is brilliant for the postcards especially merci!! Do you have any thing on messages/notes?

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      SryanBruen

      Transport

      La voiture – car

      L’avion – airplane

      Le car – coach

      L’autobus – bus

      Le bateau – boat

      Le vélo – bicycle

      Le camion – lorry/truck

      La camionnette – van

      Le taxi – taxi

      Le train – train

      Le vélomoteur – motorbike

      Le hélicoptère – helicopter

      Le hovercraft – hovercraft

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      SryanBruen

      Weather

      Il fait chaud – It is hot

      Il fait froid – It is cold

      Il fait mauvais – It is bad

      Il y a du soleil – It is sunny

      Il fait beau – It is nice

      Il y a du vent – It is windy

      Il y a du brouillard – It is foggy

      Il fait orageux – It is stormy

      Il pleut – It’s raining

      Il neige – It’s snowing

      Il fait humide – It is humid

      Il fait nuageux – It is cloudy

      La grêle – The hail

      La glace – The ice

      L’éclair – The lightning

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      SryanBruen

      The body

      Les amygdales – tonsils

      L’appendice – appendix

      La bouche – mouth

      Le bras – arm

      La cheville – ankle

      Le cœur – heart

      Le cou – neck

      Le coude – elbow

      Les dents – teeth

      Le derrière – bottom

      Le doigt – finger

      L’épaule – shoulder

      L’estomac – stomach

      Le front – forehead

      Le genou – knee

      La gorge – throat

      La jambe – leg

      La langue – tongue

      Les lèvres – lips

      La main – hand

      Le nez – nose

      L’œil – eye

      L’ongle – nail

      L’oreille – ear

      L’orteil – toe

      Le pied – foot

      Le poignet – wrist

      La poitrine – chest

      Le pouce – thumb

      Le poumon – lung

      La tête – head

      Le ventre – stomach

      Les yeux – eyes

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      SryanBruen

      Pencil case

      La trousse – pencil case

      L’agrafeuse – stapler

      La colle – glue

      La calculatrice – calculator

      Les ciseaux – scissors

      Le compas – compass

      Le crayon – pencil

      Les crayons de couleurs – coloured pencils

      Le feutre – marker

      La gomme – eraser

      La règle – ruler

      Le surligneur fluo – highlighter

      Le stylo – pen

      Le stylo correcteur – correcting pen (tip-ex)

      Le taille−crayon - sharpener

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      SryanBruen

      Plurals

      1. In the plural, most French nouns add ‘s’, just like in English. The main difference is that in French the ‘s’ is silent.

      Examples

      Livre – livres

      Garçon – garçons

      2. Un and une becomes des in the plural.

      Example

      Un livre – des livres

      3. The plural of c’est is ce sont.

      C’est un crayon – Ce sont des crayons

      You have seen in English and French, a noun is made plural by adding ‘s’.

      However, in English, someone nouns have irregular plurals (e.g. child – children) and similarly in French, there are nouns that are irregular in the plural.

      1. A noun that ends in ‘al’ changes to ‘aux’

      Example

      Voici un animal – Voici des animaux

      2. A noun that ends in ‘eau’ adds an ‘x’.

      Example

      C’est un oiseau – Ce sont des oiseaux

      3. If a noun ends in ‘s’, ‘x’ or ‘z’ in the singular, there in no change in the plural.

      Example

      Voici une souris – Voici des souris

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      SryanBruen

      Clothes and accessories

      Des baskets – runners

      Des bijoux – jewellery

      Des bottes – boots

      Des chaussettes – socks

      Des chaussures – shoes

      La chemise – shirt

      Le chemisier – blouse

      La cravate – tie

      Les gants – gloves

      Le jean – jeans

      La jupe – skirt

      Le manteau – coat

      Le pantalon – trousers

      Le pull-over – jumper

      Le pyjama – pyjamas

      La robe – dress

      Le sac à main – handbag

      Le survêtement – tracksuit

      Le tee-shirt – t-shirt

      La veste - jacket

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      SryanBruen

      Jobs

      Le acteur – actor

      La actrice – actress

      Le artiste – artist

      Le boulanger – baker

      Le boucher – butcher

      Le charpentier – carpenter

      Le caissier – cashier

      Le fonctionnaire – civil servant

      Le chef – cook/chef

      Le dentiste – dentist

      Le médecin – doctor

      Le électricien – electrician

      Le employé – employee

      Le ingénieur – engineer

      Le pompier – fireman

      L’avocat – lawyer

      La femme de chambre – maid

      Le gérant – manager

      Le mécanicien – mechanic

      L’infirmier – nurse

      Le peintre – painter

      Le pharmacien – pharmacist

      Le plombier – plumber

      Le policier – police officer

      Le réceptionniste – receptionist

      Le secrétaire – secretary

      Le étudiant – student

      Le professeur – teacher

      Le serveur – waiter

      Le écrivain – writer

      Le serveuse – waitress

      Le pilote – pilot

      L’athlète – athlete

      Le journaliste - journalist

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      SryanBruen

      Any nouns where le or la is beside a vowel, always put it as l'. Sorry about the mistakes!

    37. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Shops and buildings

      La banque – bank

      La bibliothèque – library

      La bijouterie – jeweller’s

      La boucherie – butcher’s

      La boulangerie – bakery

      Le café – cafe

      Le camping – campsite

      La cathédrale – cathedral

      Le centre sportif – sports centre

      La charcuterie – pork butcher’s

      La chocolaterie – chocolate shop

      Le cinéma – cinema

      Le club des jeunes – youth club

      Le coiffeur – barber

      La confiserie – sweet shop

      La cour de justice – court

      L’église – church

      La galerie – gallery

      La gare - station

      La gare routière – bus station

      La gendarmerie – police station

      L’hôpital – hospital

      L’hôtel de ville – town hall

      La librairie – book shop

      La mairie – town hall

      La maison de la presse – newsagent

      Le marchand de chaussures – shoe shop

      Le marchand de fruits – fruit seller

      Le musée – museum

      L’office du tourisme – tourist office

      La pâtisserie – cake shop

      Le théâtre – theatre

      Le supermarché – supermarket

      La piscine – swimming pool

      La pharmacie – chemist

      Le stade – stadium

      Le restaurant - restaurant

    38. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      School subjects

      L’anglais – English

      Les mathématiques – Maths

      La français – French

      L’espagnol – Spanish

      L’allemand – German

      La science – Science

      La physique – Physics

      La chimie – Chemistry

      La biologie – Biology

      L’informatique – Computing (Computers)

      Le dessin – Art

      La musique – Music

      La géographie – Geography

      L’histoire – History

      L’éducation physique et sportive (EPS) – PE

      La religion – Religion

      Les études commerciales – Business studies

    39. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      J'espère que tu va bien- I hope that you are well

      Moi, je vais bien- me, I'm doing well

      J'étais ravi(e) de recevoir le cadeau- I was delighted to receive the present

      Veux-tu venir chez moi?/ Je voudrais t'inviter chez moi- do you want to come to my house?

      Le soleil brille- the sun is shining

      Il n'ya pas un nuage dans le ciel- there isn't a cloud in the sky

      Il pleut des cordes- it's raining ropes/raining heavily

      Le ciel est couvert- the sky is overcast

      Je suis allé.. I went..

      à la plage- to the beach

      chez mon ami- my friend's house

      en ville- into town

      L'école est ennuyeuse- school is boring

      Je fais 10 matières à l'école- I do ten subjects at school

      Je m'entends bien avec.. I get on well with..

      Mes amis/mes potes/mes copains- my friends

      Mes camarades de classe- my classmates

      Mes professeurs/mes profs- my teachers

      Les profs nous grondent tous le temps- the teachers give out to us all the time

      Casse-pied- annoying, a pain

      Je travail d'arrache-pied- I work flat-out

      Je suis toujours coincé dans ma chambre en train de bosser- I'm always stuck in my room working/studying

      J'attends le weekend avec impatience- I can't wait for the weekend

      J'ai un petit boulot- I have a part-time job

      Mon patron- my boss

      Je gagne le smic- I earn the minimum wage

      Vive.. Roll on..

      Les vacances- the holidays

      Le voyage- the trip

      J'ai resté dans un hotel prés de la mer- I stayed in a hotel near to the sea

      La vue était magnifique- the view was magnificent

      J'ai blessé la jambe- I injured my leg

      Je dois marcher avec des béquilles- I must use crutches

      Je me sens mal- I feel sick

      J'ai mal à la tête- I have a headache

      Je suis allé chez le médecin- I went to the doctor's

      Le médecin m'a donné des cachets- the doctor gave me tablets

      Je me suis bien amusé(e)- I enjoyed myself

      Dis le bonjour à ta famille de ma part- say hello to your family for me

      Devine- guess what?

    40. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Does anybody even find this thread useful?

    41. avatar image

      Sarah2014

      yesssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssss thanks so much

    42. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Simple future

      Pronoun + present tense of Aller + infinitive of verb

      Je vais aller - I am going to go

      Je vais faire - I am going to make / do

      Je vais jouer - I am going to play

      Il va montrer - He is going to show

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      Sarah2014

      im still so confused on the past tense like I don't know what the passer composer or the "aller" past tense is

    44. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Again, I repeat that there are only a certain amount of verbs that use Être - To be as their AUXILIARY VERB. Remember that there is a way to remember which take it instead of Avoir.

      MR & MRS VANDERTRAMP (a new longer mnemonic, i.e. fits more verbs than the other one above in this thread ^)

      Devenir

      Revenir

      &

      Monter

      Rester

      Sortir

      Venir

      Aller

      Naître

      Descendre

      Entrer

      Rentrer

      Tomber

      Retourner

      Arriver

      Mourir

      Partir

      Since Aller is one of them, the past tense is simply "Je suis allé" - I went. However, there is an extra "e" for you, since you're a female. So you say "Je suis allée".

      ALL Reflexive Verbs use Être as their auxiliary verb. If you don't know what reflexive verbs are, these are what reflexive verbs are (I taught myself these, not my school):

      Reflexive verbs are roughly the equivalent of English verbs involving -self or -selves, such as he hurt himself, they weighed themselves, we prepared ourselves etc. In these verbs, the subject and object actually represent the same thing or person.

      S'appelle - To call a name as in, below:

      Je m'appelle - My name is (literally "I call myself")

      Se bronzer - To sunbathe / tan

      Je me bronze - I sunbathe

      As you can see, it is easy to recognise reflexive verbs because of their reflexive pronoun "Se" in the infinitive form. There are also reflexive pronouns as you can see above like "me (pronounced "meh")" as well as the original conjugation of the verb like it were regular.

      Reflexive pronouns

      Je - me

      Tu - te

      Il / elle - se

      Nous - nous (used twice!)

      Vous - vous (used twice!)

      Ils / elles - se

      Nous nous lavons - We wash

    45. avatar image

      GreenDay6

      This is very helpful in the run up to the mocks. Thank you 😃

    46. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      No problem GreenDay6 anything else you would like up in this thread? Any particular grammar that I haven't posted yet or vocabulary?

    47. avatar image

      Burrinboy

      Hi do you have any notes on directions/asking for directions. BTW these are really helpful notes for my study. Thanks

    48. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Directions

      Allez tout droite – Go straight ahead

      Tournez à droite – Turn right

      Tournez à gauche – Turn left

      À droite – Right

      À gauche – Left

      Prenez la premiere rue – Take the first street

      Prenez la premiere rue à droite – Take the first street on the right

      Prenez la premiere rue à gauche – Take the first street on the left

      Prenez la deuxième rue à droite – Take the second street on the right

      Prenez la deuxième rue à gauche – Take the second street on the left

      Prenez la troisième rue à droite – Take the third street on the right

      Prenez la troisième rue à gauche – Take the third street on the left

      C’est à droite – It’s on the right

      C’est à gauche – It’s on the left

    49. avatar image

      Burrinboy

      Thank you

    50. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      You're welcome! See don't be afraid to ask anybody!

    51. avatar image

      Burrinboy

      Any notes on countries

    52. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Countries

      L’Angleterre – England

      Le Royaume-Uni – United Kingdom

      La Grande-Bretagne – Great Britain

      La France – France

      L’Allemagne – Germany

      Les Pays-Bas – Netherlands

      L’Espagne – Spain

      Le Portugal – Portugal

      L’Italie – Italy

      La Grèce – Greece

      La Suisse – Switzerland

      L’Autriche – Austria

      La Belgique – Belgium

      La Pologne – Poland

      Les États-Unis – United States of America

      Le Canada – Canada

      L’Australie – Australia

      La Nouvelle-Zélande – New Zealand

      L’Irlande – Ireland

      La Finlande – Finland

      La Suède – Sweden

      La Norvège – Norway

      Le Danemark – Denmark

      L’Islande – Iceland

      Le Japon – Japan

      La Chine – China

      L’Inde – India

      L’Égypte – Egypt

      La Turquie – Turkey

      La Russie – Russia

      L’Algérie – Algeria

      L’Écosse – Scotland

      La Hongrie – Hungary

      Le Maroc – Morocco

      Le Mexique – Mexico

      Le Pays de Galles – Wales

      La République Tchèque – Czech Republic

      La Slovénie – Slovenia

      La Tunisie - Tunisia

    53. avatar image

      Burrinboy

      Is there any other notes that you have that you think are essential?

    54. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      The Demonstrative Adjective

      When using the words “this” or “these” in French, we use a special type of adjective called the l’adjectif démonstratif.

      On a noun, it replaces the le/la or un/une part with the following:

      This;

      Masculine singular (un/le) – ce, cet

      Feminine singular (une/la) – cette

      These;

      Masculine and feminine plural – ces

      Examples:

      1. You wear these gloves.

      Tu portes ces gants.

      2. My mam wears this hat.

      Ma mère porte cette chapeau.

    55. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      ^ A common thing that could come up is something like "This weekend" in which would be "Ce weekend" - See how you must know this grammar point ^

    56. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Cet is used if the noun begins with a vowel

    57. avatar image

      Burrinboy

      Sorry for so many requests but do you have a list of verbs with their meanings that I might use in the exam

    58. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      It's no problem at all. That's what this thread is for.

      Useful verbs (I = Irregular) (R = Regular, so you don't need to learn off endings)

      Aller - To go (I)

      S'appelle - To name (R)

      Être - To be (I)

      Avoir - To have / To be an age (I) (i.e. J'ai douze ans - I am 12, but literally means I have twelve years)

      Habiter - To live somewhere (R) (i.e. J'habite à Dublin - I live in Dublin)

      Montrer - To show (R)

      Faire - To do / Describing weather (I) (i.e. Il fait chaud - The weather is hot, but literally means it does hot)

      Jouer - To play (R)

      Écrire - To write (I)

      Voir - To see (I)

      Vouloir - To wish / want (I)

      Passer - To spend time (R)

      Travailler - To work (R)

      Visiter - To visit (R)

      Rester - To stay (R)

      Retourner - To return / Rentrer - To return (both R) (I find Retourner easier because it sounds like "Return")

      Manger - To eat (R)

      Nager - To swim (R)

      Voyager - To travel (R) (a useful phrase: J'ai voyagé en avion - I travelled by plane)

      Louer - To hire / rent (R)

      Arriver - To arrive (R)

      Acheter - To buy (R / I) (kind of irregular at times but mostly regular)

      Vendre - To sell (R)

      S'amuser - To enjoy oneself (R) (Je m'amuse bien - I enjoyed myself)

      Se promener - To go for a walk (R) (J'ai me promene hier - I went for a walk yesterday)

      Pouvoir - To be able (I)

      Sortir - To go out (I)

      Venir - To come (I)

      Prendre - To take (I)

      Finir - To finish (R)

      Choisir - To choose (R)

      Attendre - To wait for (R)

      Quitter - To leave (R) / Partir - To leave (I)

      ^ These are all and only the verbs I use(d) for my written expression section

    59. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Anybody want any vocabulary, grammar help or notes or anything?

    60. avatar image

      eoinduff

      Do you have any tips or tricks for learning the masculine and feminine of words

    61. avatar image

      eoinduff

      Nouns*

    62. avatar image

      Sarah2014

      most common vocab on the listening like directions?

    63. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Eoin

      The majority of nouns that end in "e" or "ion" are feminine. However, there are exceptions with these and these are nouns that end in "age", "ege", "é" or "isme" - which are often masculine nouns.

      Any other endings are often masculine but countries are nearly all feminine!

      ^ These are the tips that I use.

    64. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I have a list for that somewhere Sarah, I will give you the list when I find it.

    65. avatar image

      Sarah2014

      thank you so much :)

    66. avatar image

      eoinduff

      Thank you :)

    67. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here Sarah

      - Family members (Mother, father, sister, brother etc)

      - Animals

      - Numbers

      - The house

      - Clothes

      - Colours

      - Time

      - Past times

      - Food

      - Directions

      - Sports

      - Weather

      - School (subjects)

      - Station (words like "ticket", "one way" etc)

      - Jobs

      - Body

      - Health

    68. avatar image

      ajacob2013

      another meaning for belle mere and beau pere is mother-in-law and father-in-law. this was asked in papers before a few times

    69. avatar image

      ajacob2013

      do u hav any phrases for notes and postcards?

    70. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      There are some if you look down this thread ajacob2013

    71. avatar image

      needhelp101

      Thanks this is so helpful. Do you have any help with writing letters/postcards? I can never do it. And asking questions? :)

    72. avatar image

      alexoconnor6

      Some of the stuff is wrong....I go to the seaside.... je vais a la mer..... you dont say bord de la mere.... J'habite au bord de la mer ... not j'habite bord de la mere

    73. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yeah I'll admit that those phrases weren't mine, I just found them somewhere and thought they would be useful to y'all.

    74. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      BUMP

    75. avatar image

      alexoconnor6

      thanks

    76. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      BUMP

    77. avatar image

      EH458

      Thanks! Useful for last minute cramming haha

    78. avatar image

      belle1234

      thanks really useful!

    79. avatar image

      Me

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