All Junior Cert Geography posts
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    Big help & sample answers available SryanBruen

    Anybody who is finding something difficult in Geography or want sample answers on a long question, post here! My results of all Geography tests goes in the range of 78-100% - just thought I'd tell you that as proof to show that I could help you. My big obsession of Geography can also be a big helpful factor.

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      diyalsjdjldam

      do you have any answers for urbanisation junior cert

    2. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Any particular question? Problems with high population densities? A new Irish town?

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      CiaraFox

      Do you have sample answers on the following on population (demographic transition model):

      - 2008 Paper > Section 2 > Question 4 > Part C > (v)

      - 2014 Section 2 > Section 2 > Question 3 > Part C > (ii)

    4. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      2008 paper

      The death rate fluctuates in stage 1 because birth rates are also high. By this, we can tell that women were not educated well and thus, don't know how to raise their families and have a lot of kids. The death rate fluctuates maybe because of famine.

      ^ Something like this for the others too!

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      SryanBruen

      Apart from the bit rate, stage 2 is the exact opposite!

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      CiaraFox

      Thanks!!

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      adamchoudhary02

      how long should my answers be

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      SryanBruen

      Some long answers should be around half an A4 page whilst others (such as a farm you have studied) require a page long.

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      adamchoudhary02

      how long for river erosion, deposition mass movement and sea erosion deposition

    10. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      River erosion - half a page - with the diagram, making it a full page

      Deposition - half a page - with the diagram, making it a full page

      Mass movement - half a page

      Sea erosion - half a page - with the diagram, making it a full page

      Deposition - half a page - with the diagram, making it a full page

      I do this and my teacher says this kind of layout would get me an A1

    11. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      oh thanks but i did that layout and got a B last year

    12. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      in summer

    13. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      exams

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      SryanBruen

      Strange... but remember your teacher won't be correcting your actual JC exam paper! - So she / he might be wrong

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      Sarah2014

      any questions that come up on climate? theres so much to learn and I don't know where to start

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      Sarah2014

      also if theres anything on the earth i.e. high pressure and winds? like do you get qs on what wind is what and you have to list the names of the winds and prevailing winds? thanks

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      SryanBruen

      You learn ONE climate on each type of climate, i.e. ONE cold climate, ONE temperate climate & ONE warm climate. It will ask you on ONE of them but it is unpredictable which 1 will come up. They could randomly ask you:

      Name and describe the characteristics of a TEMPERATE climate you have studied.

      To study each climate, put the characteristics of each in small points, i.e.

      Mediterranean climate

      *Mediterranean regions (Spain, Italy, Greece)

      *Temperatures: Summer 30-40c, Winter 10-30c

      See keep them short! Then on your actual exam, make them into sentences!

      For winds, you just need to know basic directions (i.e. west or northwest or east or southeast etc) and define what a prevailing wind is!

      You must also know how does a prevailing wind influence the climate of a region.

    18. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      In the Geography Junior Cert resources on this, you can find my powerpoints that include everything you need to know from all of the following:

      *The Earth

      *Rocks

      *Karst landscapes

      *Mass movement

      *Rivers

      *The Sea

      *Glaciation

      *The restless atmosphere

      *Climate

      *Soils

      I also created a sample Junior Cert Geography HL paper - completely original with all questions devised by me.

    19. avatar image

      Sarah2014

      thank you

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      edassery

      hi! do you have answers for 2006 section 2 Q4 C part 2 ( its on climates)

      and 2008 sect 2 Q1 please. thank you!!

    21. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      2006

      The prevailing wind labelled X, i.e. a northeasterly prevailing wind could affect the climate of Scandinavia in many ways. Firstly, it causes Scandinavia to have a mix of boreal and tundra climates. Tundra climates are those regions that lie in the Arctic circle on top of Scandinavia. This means, cool Summers with rare extreme heat and long, cold Winters with frequent Arctic blasts. This is due to the wind coming from a northeasterly direction. Many animals such as minks, bears, eagles etc can survive the Summers but they migrate towards Winter time due to this climate.

    22. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      See how I said "Scandinavia" and "northeasterly" as that what it shows on the map. Show off your geographic knowledge! and you might even get extra marks.

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      SryanBruen

      2008

      A

      The place labelled X is expected to be colder than the place labelled Y for two reasons. Firstly, X has a higher altitude than Y. Altitude refers to the height above sea level (No harm putting in the definition). And in general, the higher, the altitude, the colder it gets. For example, it could be around 15c at Y but once ya get to the summit of the mountain, temperatures could be below -10c. This is because the air is thinner and it can hold less heat. Secondly, upland areas are more exposed to the wind which also makes it colder. This is known as the Wind Chill Factor.

    24. avatar image

      edassery

      Thank you so much!!! this really helped!:)

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      barcelona

      my teacher tells me it is very hard to get an A in geography but i have never got in B in it. for the past 2 years i had a different teacher but now have a new one and this is what she has told me ! is this true or is there a possibility

      i have a good chance of getting an A?

    26. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      There is definitely a possibility. In fact, I have gotten nearly As on every Geography test. Geography like any subject is easy to obtain an A, however, unlike the other papers, you don't have to study much as things such as Population is common sense really and you don't need to learn - just study by making short points such as the factors that influence population change (only name them, you would easily explain them on the test by just naming the factors as long as you know common sense LOL and a bit of History such as the Famine). Therefore, Geography is quite easy to get an A and that's just my opinion. However, the results of past students taking the HL Geography show that a B is much more common. In 2008, 9% of students got an A whilst 37% got a B. A 'B' is still very good though after all, it's an honour - and it's HL. There are a couple of things you should study, do you want me to name them? I am well aware of the kind of questions they ask as well as past papers - things that come up often. Your new teacher is wrong in saying getting an A in Geography, there is definitely a possibility. In the past couple of years, around only 5-7% of all students (average as a whole) failed (E, F or N/G) Geography and therefore, is one of the easiest papers to at least get an honour on. Don't mind what your teacher is telling you!

    27. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Sorry mistake there

      Geography like any subject is easy to obtain an A once ya try!

    28. avatar image

      MysticManiac

      I'm in 5th year and just did Xmas exams. I found my geography test to be hard and I think I probably barely passed. We had to do five 30 mark questions. I find essays hard to get marks in. However I hear the project is easy to get marks in and the short questions are easier so I think they would increase my grade in the LC. Btw I missed like 7-8 weeks of school this year so I only had since Halloween to go back over everything I missed

    29. avatar image

      MysticManiac

      ^ Just noticed this is a JC post lol

    30. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Rachel2000x here it is

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      Rachel2000x

      Do you have a Sample case study on Aughanish?

    32. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      RUSAL Aughinish is located in Aughinish Island, 28km downstream from Limerick City on the Shannon Estuary. It is an alumina refinery that extracts alumina from the resource material, bauxite. Alumina is a semi-finished product.

      There are many factors which influence Aughinish's location but I am going to state three in particular.

      Firstly, transport. The Shannon Estuary is a deep-water estuary with depths of 22m at low tide. This is deep enough enough to take very large ships known as bulk carriers. Since, the heavy industry, Aughinish requires sea transport, it needs to be located beside water

      Secondly, the site. Aughinish Island is a very large water front site of almost 4km (squared). The site is large enough to store the waste material from the refinery.

      Moreover, the source of resource material. Bauxite, a bulky resource material comes mainly from West Africa by ship. The product alumina, is re-exported. Therefore, it is vital that the refinery is on a coastal location.

      ^ Make sure to give a nice layout like this as well ^

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      Rachel2000x

      Thanks so much

    34. avatar image

      Rachel2000x

      What sea deposition feature is the best to learn?

    35. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      I like beaches tbh

    36. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Rachel2000x,

      It depends on what you find the easiest to learn - always go for the easiest in your opinion. Don't mind me or your friends or what your teacher learns, you choose. However, all I can say is that my easiest one to learn is a Tombolo as there is not much to learn and is quite easy to form a diagram off by heart. I just find this so easy, I chose it. It's totally your choice which to learn.

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      SryanBruen

      You're welcome Jack22. If you have any difficulties or problems with Geography, feel free to ask here!

    38. avatar image

      Sarah_McHale

      For high population densities do we have to learn two i.e. Kolkata and Hong Kong or just pick one? And how much are we supposed to know on them? Thanks :)

    39. avatar image

      CiaraFox

      @Sarah_McHale As far as I am aware both of them are on the syllabus, but in an exam question they never stated which one to state and explain.

    40. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      For higher level, do both! If you're ordinary level, just study ONE of them. Despite being asked with any of them in past papers example, "with reference to ANY HIGH POPULATION DENSITY you have studied", if you're HL, you must study both! Some small questions on HL, have a possibility of asking on high population densities (from either). So it depends on the level you are doing. You are supposed to know at least TWO problems the high population density has (in this case, if you're HL, study 4 problems, 2 Kolkata and 2 Hong Kong problems)

    41. avatar image

      Sarah_McHale

      Ok thanks so much guys thats really helpful! :)

    42. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Please post here if you want help with anything. I will not answer in any new threads.

    43. avatar image

      Sarah2014

      my geo teacher is useless. have you any tips on studying yourself ie on weather, ascending/descending/soil/winds because I havetn a clue what I need to learn and what I don't need to learn thanks :)

    44. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Weather is my #1 thing Sarah, so you're lucky here hahaha. I am literally obsessed with weather. I know everything about it, even LC material. You must know:

      *Your lines on a weather map, i.e.

      IsoTherms - lines of equal temperature (see why I put 'T' as a capital?)

      Isohels - lines of equal sunshine

      IsoBars - lines of equal pressure (B for barometer which measures pressure)

      Isohyets - lines of equal rainfall

      Isotachs - lines of equal wind speed (hasn't come up yet, but it might this year)

      *At least THREE weather instruments and weather elements (rain, sunshine, wind speed etc) in detail (i.e. the unit of the weather, the instrument that measures the weather, how the instrument works etc)

      *The formation of a warm and cold front

      *Definitions (depression, anticyclone)

      *ONE type of rainfall in detail with a labelled diagram

      *How to calculate the temperature range and a mean temperature

      If you want any sample answers on any of these things, let me know. I'll give you a sample question and a worked example by me.

    45. avatar image

      shanemacken2000

      I recommend that you write out very short bullet points for any long question that could come up. My teacher dropped a few mock hints and a hot climate, mass movement (soil creep) and overfishing are likely to come up!

    46. avatar image

      shanemacken2000

      Thanks for the weather stuff, we barely did it :(

    47. avatar image

      Sarah2014

      thanks so much guys :) would you be able to tell me the difference between a depression and an anticyclone?

      how are warm and cold front formed? thanks again for your help :)

    48. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      When the weekend comes, I will be able to tell you everything. This is because I am exceptionally busy with all school work and other things.

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      lcstudent

      When do your mocks start and has anyone done their geography mock or will be in the next week?

    50. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      My mocks start 8 February

    51. avatar image

      shanemacken2000

      Wow, my mocks are the 1st February

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      JadeSheehan

      A book that really emphasises and has brilliant pictures and answers is New Complete Geography 3rd Edition by Charles Hayes. Instead of having sample answers you can use the stuff in the book and develop your own answer which is much more better as you can keep developing the points.

    53. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Reminding people that if you want help or sample answers in Geography, please post here.

    54. avatar image

      K_684

      Any notes on Population, or any key points I need to know?

    55. avatar image

      laurenlilyali

      Any notes on absolutely everything because I struggle with HL geography

    56. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      do you have a long answer for hot desert climate

    57. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yes! Guys I will have everything ready soon. I will have Population notes ASAP. Sarah, Lauren and Diyalsjdjldam, you can find the answers to your ones in the Geography resources on this (I put up powerpoints on the following chapters below that contains everything you need to know from them chapters)

      *The Earth

      *Rocks

      *Shaping Earth's Crust

      *The Restless Atmosphere

      *Climate and Natural Regions

      *Soils

    58. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Unlike your books, my powerpoint on Climate provides a sample answer on each type of climate (Boreal, Tundra, warm mediterranean etc) in each category (warm, cold and temperate)

    59. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      If you still can't find them, please let me know.

    60. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      i cant find it

    61. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Hot desert climates are generally found in very warm deserts such as the Sahara Desert, the Kalahari Desert, the Arabian Desert and the Australian Outback.

      They consist of a one season climate generally. Temperatures average 30−50°C during the day but rapidly drop to as low as 5°C during the night.

      Reasons for this large temperature range:

      The absence of cloud cover and vegetation meant that there is a rapid loss of heat at night.

      Night is said to be the 'winter of the desert'.

      Rainfall is very rare with an annual total of less than 100mm. This means that it frequently gets threatened by droughts.

      Luxor and Aswan in Egypt had the longest-drought ever with NO RAINFALL from 2001-2014.

      These droughts though soon be avoided by sudden downpours.

      Vegetation is very little due to the shortage of moisture. It consists of cactus, date palm and Joshua trees.

      Rattlesnakes, desert foxes and jack-rabbits live in these climates.

      ^ Here is a hot desert climate sample answer.

    62. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      thanks so much r u doing ur junior or leaving certs

    63. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Junior y?

    64. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Guys make sure you are all familiar with the new OS Map legend layout! It is a different one for the future exams (from 2016 onwards)....

    65. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      did u do ur mocks

    66. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      no I'm doin' them 8 February - 12 February then after the mid-term 22 February - 26 February

    67. avatar image

      avrilos

      what does the new Os map legend look like?

    68. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      It should be in the student study essentials in your Edco Exam Papers avrilos, it's in mine.

    69. avatar image

      Elisha447

      Is there anyway to avoid weather topics and sea topics on higher level paper? I have been having sub teachers all year my actual teacher is sick and we haven't covered them!!

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      SryanBruen

      Elisha447 you should know a few things about them as they come up in the short questions too unfortunately. Common things include isobars, isotherms etc and protection of coastal erosion.

    71. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      do u have answer for the higher level paper 2008 question 3c thanks very much in advance

    72. avatar image

      helpme101

      Anyone know what's on the mocks ??

    73. avatar image

      missmeme3337

      I have geography done

    74. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      helpme101 this thread is not for cheats and I have done it but I am not giving any spoilers or cheats.

    75. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      missmeme3337 no cheats or I am reporting you

    76. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      do u have the anser for higher level 2007 q2c anser geog please

    77. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      2008 3c

      Unfair trade is when either a) the exporting country deliberately lowers the price it charges for its goods or b) the importing country applies a customs duty on what it is allowing in.

      In the first case the exporting country has more trade but looses money. This p[probably results in more employment locally but less in producing the same product abroad.

      In the second case the importing country has its product protected so this results in more local employment but less demand from abroad.

      Both effects will cause the total amount of world employment to reduce because there will be a small loss in efficiency due to less natural and optimal conditions. However this effect is small and the total amount of world poverty will be unaltered, only its venue will be different.

    78. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      the answer to 2007 q2c

    79. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      In developing countries or very poor countries with no irrigation systems, people use rivers so they can collect the water they need for everything including washing, cleaning etc.

      People pollute rivers by dumping rubbish, litter etc into them as they are careless.

    80. avatar image

      Elisha447

      For results from unfair trade would it be okay to say the developing country lose out on money and can't put it towards education etc?? Or is that a wrong answer?

    81. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yes it would be definitely okay to say that

    82. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      can someone help with 2008 section 2 question 4 part b (v)

    83. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      can someone help with 2008 section 2 question 4 part B (v)

    84. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      can someone help with 2008 section 2 question 4 part B (v)

    85. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      i dont understand how to identify a cyclone or anticyclone

    86. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      A cyclone is any type of low pressure / depression and is easily identified by L on a weather map (meaning LOW PRESSURE). An anticyclone is an type of high pressure and is easily identified by H on a weather map (meaning HIGH PRESSURE).

    87. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      At D, you would expect to see very windy conditions and since the British Isles are on the warm plume of the stationary front, it is expected to be mild and wet. I know that it is the warm plume because a warm front has already past through which is identified by a front with semi-circles on it. However, if it were Winter, it could also be dry but still very windy as the pressure is relatively high.

    88. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      The map didn't have a h or l though

    89. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Well another way to identify a low pressure is fronts. There are fronts on the map. If it were high pressure, there'd be no fronts.

    90. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Woudnt their be light winds cause isobars are sell spaced beside ireland

    91. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      What do you mean by "sell spaced"???

    92. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Well spaced*

    93. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      No they are also strong winds (just not as strong). Well spaced isobars are those in central Europe on this weather map.

    94. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Can I give you my answer and can u correct it cause I'm not sure if I'm right

    95. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yeah

    96. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Ohh OK I think I kinda got it thanks for the help!

    97. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      It's no problem. Any trouble you have with Geography, I am glad to help and it is the vital reason why this thread is here. Come back any time!

    98. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      OK so I said that

      "The isobars at D are close together but still have some space between them indicating steady winds. The type of weather experience d at D is depression as it has a low pressure. I know this because D has less than 1013 milibars This brings showery conditions and cloudy skies therefore bringing unsettled weather

    99. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yep it should get you full marks - I would give it 10 / 10

    100. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Anything I

      Can add or remove?

    101. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      For the first sentence though I would say myself,

      The isobars at D are closely packed together and this clearly illustrates that it was experiencing strong winds.

    102. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I would still give you 10/10 though. Like just pretend I don't know you and I'm an examiner correcting your exam. I would give it 10/10 because I would think you would know what you're talking about because of your good description.

    103. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      I found this very confusing during class but know it's all clear tnxs again!

    104. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Anybody need help?

    105. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Anybody?

    106. avatar image

      K_684

      Good sample answers on uses of rivers and HEP?

    107. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      what's HEP sorry????

    108. avatar image

      K_684

      Hydroelectric Power

    109. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Oh right.

      I will tell you tomorrow, I promise you!

    110. avatar image

      K_684

      Thanks :)

    111. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Rivers are used to produce hydro-electric power. This involves the construction of dams and reservoirs. The dams and reservoirs are ideal for water sports.

      Rivers provide good sites for settlement.

      Rivers provide fertile soils for agriculture.

      Rivers also provide natural routeways for importing and exporting goods.

    112. avatar image

      K_684

      Thanks

    113. avatar image

      Aoibhin.

      I've tried studying geography and chapters e.g economic activity but I'm not getting anywhere ? where should I start for the long questions??

    114. avatar image

      aidan_mcgeary1

      how can you tell if a population pyramid is of a developed or developing country?

    115. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I will give you some long questions (past JC questions) Aoibhin (with one each time and you tell me when you're finished that). Students lose marks out on long questions so focus on these and take them step by step (see one at a time) because if you don't, you will be stressed out and we don't want that to happen. Here's your first long question:

      With the aid of a labelled diagram, explain one formation as a result of coastal deposition.

    116. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Aidan a population pyramid of a developing country has a large base. Think of it like the birth rates are very high in those countries and therefore the base is large. Also, many children die at a young age so the base is large and very few make it to their older ages which is very tiny on a population pyramid.

      Meanwhile, a population pyramid of a developed country has a fairly equal top and base with the middle being large.

    117. avatar image

      K_684

      How did you do in your Mock?

    118. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I got 66% - my lowest mark ever in Geography.

    119. avatar image

      K_684

      I was just wondering, because some of your notes seem shorter than the notes my teacher gives my class.

    120. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I try to give as short as possible notes so the student(s) will not be stressed out learning but also try to get them the best marks possible. Like I have a full copy of me own notes I made myself - not given by my teacher and it helps me significantly. Y'all should make your own, after all you're not going to learn somebody else's notes like your teacher's that easily. There is no better notes than your notes! Remember also there's no better teacher than yourself to you (even me.. LOL). In my copy, I have short notes, coloured-in labelled diagrams, tables (instead of long sentences for things such as weather) etc and as I said, you guys should try it.

    121. avatar image

      K_684

      Mocks are suppose to be harder than the real exam anyway, so good luck! :)

    122. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Any tips for learning weather and atmosphere? I find it impossible to understand!

    123. avatar image

      sophie544

      Do you have any jc higher level project maths notes on area and volume trigonometry and geometry thank you

    124. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Sophie please don't post in an irrelevant thread like this. This is only for Geography. I am posting my notes in the other thread you asked for them in.

    125. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      does anyone have any predictions on what might come up in the geography in june for junior cert

    126. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here's your population notes Jennifer and the person I forgot these for in this thread (very sorry)

      Definitions

      Population explosion (also known as "Baby boom") - The rapid growth of population in the 20th century.

      Demographic transition model (make sure you know the name of this model) - As a country's economy develops stage by stage, this model helps us to understand why population increases and eventually decreases.

      Birth rate - Taking a sample of 1,000 people, the number of children born to that group in any given year.

      Death rate - Taking a sample of 1,000 people, the number of people who will die in that group in any given year.

      Population density - The average number of people living in a square kilometre.

      Population distribution - How people are spread out or dispersed around the world. The world has a very uneven population distribution.

      Population pyramids - Shows the age and sex make up of a population.

      Life expectancy - The average age that people will live to in a country.

      Migration - Moving from one place to another WITHIN a country.

      Emigration - People moving from Ireland to another country.

      Immigration - People moving from other countries to Ireland.

      Infant mortality rate - The number of children under the age of one who die per 1,000 born.

      Push factors - Things that make people emigrate or migrate to somewhere else so they can search job opportunities.

      Pull factors - Things that make people want to migrate or emigrate to a particular place because of job opportunities and life experiences.

      Donor country - A country from which people migrate.

      Host country - A country which people migrate to.

      Developing country - A poor or Third World country whose economy is not very established and the standard of living is generally low.

      Developed country - A rich or First World country whose economy is well established and the standard of living is generally very high.

      Uses of population pyramids

      - Help predict services which might be needed in the future

      - Help show if a country is developed or developing

      - Help historians find more out about the past and see how a country did with their population

      How to tell the difference between a developed or developing country's population pyramid

      A developed country

      - A narrow base - This is because the birth rate is not very high.

      - A wide peak - This is because the infant mortality rate is very low and many live to their elderly ages.

      A developing country

      - A wide base - This is because the birth rate is very high.

      - A very narrow peak - This is because the infant mortality rate is very high and not many live to their elderly ages.

      Factors that influence population growth

      - Health

      - Food supplies

      - Education

      - Technology

      - War

      - Status of women

      ^ Do I even need to state how these influence population growth?

      Factors that influence population densities

      - Climate

      - Relief (the type of slope or level of land)

      - Soils

      - Mineral wealth

      - Manufacturing (jobs)

      - Urban areas (tertiary services)

      I'll post more soon.

    127. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Do you think a long question will come up this year on atmospheric conditions? I hate it so much and I keep getting confused with it.

    128. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Looking at past papers Aoife, it has come up in:

      2015, 2013, 2011, 2008

      So no, but CLIMATE is more likely to come up.

    129. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      I hate climate too... :(

      What's the most important bits in climate and what's the best way to learn it?

    130. avatar image

      jenny_1000

      do you have sample answers for 2013 Q5 B i+ii

      2015 Q2 C

    131. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      2013 Q5 B

      (i) An example of primary economic activity that can be seen in the left background of this photograph is farming. I can see fields in this area and this suggests that farming takes place here. An example of secondary economic activity that can be seen in the centre middle of this photograph is a milk factory (I'm not actually sure). An example of tertiary economic activity that can be seen in the left middle of this photograph is shopping. There is a shopping centre here and in shopping centres, you are certain to find plenty of people providing services such as workers at a till or workers placing their products around the shop.

      I can't answer (ii) sorry because of how unsure I am about the secondary economic activity example. If you can find a factory, I can help you further on this question - sorry haha.

    132. avatar image

      jenny_1000

      Can you give me answer to 2015 Q2 C

    133. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      (i) There are many effects that acid rain has on the environment but I am going to explain two effects it causes. Firstly, acid rain creates acidic soils that aren't able to support healthy crops. It also causes severe leaching, which results in valuable crop nutrients being washed out of topsoils. Secondly, the heavy leaching as a result of the acid rain, deprives tree roots of the nutrients they need. Trees then become malnourished and are more likely to become diseased and die.

      (ii) There are many ways that acid rain can be reduced but I am going to explain two different ways. Firstly, you can conserve energy. Energy production creates large amounts of the pollutants that cause acid rain and conserving energy would decline this negative effect. You can conserve energy by turning off electrical equipment such as lights, computers etc when not in use. Secondly, you can minimize the miles. Driving cars and trucks produce large amounts of nitrogen oxide which help cause acid rain. You can decline this air pollution by using public transportation like buses or trains as well as ride a bike or take a walk.

    134. avatar image

      NGonsalves22

      Do you have any notes on the rivers and seas

    135. avatar image

      NGonsalves22

      PLEASE HELP!!!!!!!!!

    136. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I will give you some when I'm available - I have been given plenty of homework lately - in fact way too much.

    137. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      NGonsalves22 what is your chosen river erosion and deposition landform? What is your chosen coastal erosion and deposition landform?

      For example, my chosen coastal deposition is a Tombolo.

    138. avatar image

      Arogundade

      Can u please tell me the inputs outputs and process of a farm

    139. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      What are the main things u need to know for settlement. My book has many things that haven't been asked like the "social and historical factors" I've checked exam questions and they usually ask functions of a City. Does that mean all I need to know are the functions of a city or do I need to know more from this chapter

    140. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Arogundade you can have a variety of inputs, processes and outputs on a farm but here's my sample answer:

      A farm I studied was Pat's farm in Co. Clare. It is a mixed farm which specialises in sheep and cattle. It operates as a system of inputs, processes and outputs.

      The inputs on this farm are:

      - Buying cattle and sheep at the markets

      - Buying fertiliser and seeds for the farm

      - Paying the vet to look after the animals

      - Buying the machinery to maintain the farm

      The daily tasks vary depending on the season but an example of some of the processes on this farm are:

      - Feeding the animals

      - Milking the cows

      - Shearing the sheep

      - Lambing and calving in Spring

      - Cutting the silage

      Pat's farm generates an income through the following outputs:

      - Selling calves at the market

      - Selling milk to dairy factories

      - Selling lambs and cows to butchers

      - Selling the sheep's wool

    141. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Adam I will get back to you on that soon, I'm just very busy. I posted this above for Arogundade because I had a bit of time to post it. I am saying this to you just in case you thought I would forget you or ignore you - I would never!

    142. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      It's alright-take your time

    143. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I have double checked for you multiple times there (now that I am not busy) and these are the things on Settlement that have been examined before:

      - Settlement patterns (which is also in Maps & Photographs)

      - History of settlement (know basic settlement history, like castles are evidence of Norman settlement or ringforts are evidence of Celt settlement)

      - Development of a city (like an Airport can be a reason - and airports are in the Settlement chapter)

      - Certain definitions (Polder, crannóg)

      - THREE functions of a settlement (It hasn't come up in a long time but could come up again) (you can be asked specifically on a settlement in Ireland or the River Rhine)

      Apart from maybe settlement patterns - which is part of Maps & Photographs anyway, Settlement is one of the least important chapters and is one of the easiest also.

    144. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      So all I need to learn are what's listed

    145. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yeah

    146. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      What about functions of nucleated settlement like market?

    147. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Also how would they ask for the history

    148. avatar image

      Bella416866

      Hi. Sorry this is not about Geography! Are you doing TY next year or are you moving on to fifth year? I'm doing TY:)

    149. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      can you give me an answer on how rocks can be economic use to the people

    150. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I already emailed you that diyalsjdjldam. Yes Bella I am doing TY. No they are not worth learning Adam. They would say something like

      Castles are evidence of Norman settlement

      True or false

      ^ Quite easy!

    151. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Thanks a lot. Relieved that the history is not a long question!

    152. avatar image

      diyalsjdjldam

      and how rivers can be an economic use to the people

    153. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I already emailed you the answer to that (since you asked me in an email)!! Please don't make me repeat myself.

    154. avatar image

      Arogundade

      Sample answer for sea erosion deposition. River erosion and deposition. And acid rain mass movement fast or slow

    155. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      'Em Arogundade I need to know your chosen landform example of each of them?

      My chosen ones here as reference to show what I mean

      Sea erosion: Cliff

      Sea deposition: Tombolo

      River erosion: Waterfalls

      River deposition: Oxbow Lake

      Mass movement: Soil Creep

    156. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Have you got a sample answer for how a volcano is made? The study books and my textbook all have different ways of how it erupts but they say the same things about the layers building up etc.

    157. avatar image

      Arogundade

      those ones are fine and acid raain

    158. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      So what? You're doing the exact same examples as me?

    159. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      And I will Aoife

    160. avatar image

      Arogundade

      sample answer for cliff tombolo waterfalls oxbow lake and soil creep

    161. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Could you not have answered with a simple yes or no, please?

      Cliff

      As the waves break onto the coast, they cut a notch into the rock. When the notch gets deeper the overhanging rock collapses.

      This process continues and coastline retreats inland.

      The material that falls into the sea form the cliff is called a wave cut platform.

      Tombolo

      A tombolo is a ridge of sand or shingle which connects an island to the coastline.

      A tombolo is formed when a sand spit occurs linking an island to the coastline rather than stretching across a bay.

      Waterfalls

      Waterfalls are formed when rivers flow over areas of hard and soft rock.

      The river erodes the soft rock but cannot erode the hard rock. This creates a step which the water starts to fall over.

      The falling water erodes deeper into the bed. The river load creates a plunge pool as it falls.

      Oxbow lake

      An ox-bow lake is a horseshoe shaped lake found beside a river.

      Ox-bow lakes are formed when continued erosion and deposition created very pronounced meanders.

      Eventually, the river cuts through the neck of the meander. Deposition then occurs which leaves the ox-bow lake separated from the river.

      I don't have a sample answer of Soil Creep but you can see the different types of mass movement summarised in the picture here

      https://www.facebook.com/1623034891282672/photos/pb.1623034891282672.-2207520000.1461776495./1623061001280061/?type=3&theater

    162. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Thanks a million. And there's no rush so take your time. I understand that you must be busy.

    163. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Do u know what you need to know for population and what u can get away without learning

    164. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Volcanoes are mountains that have a gap in the middle as well as magma coming through it.

      They are formed when magma reaches the surface through a vent. It may erupt violently, blasting material into the sky.

      When magma reaches the surface, it is known as lava. Lava pours out of the crater and flows down the side of the cone. It cools and hardens.

      Other materials may also come out during the eruption. Layers of these materials build up to form a cone-shaped mountain.

      ^ there ya go Aoife

    165. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Adam

      - Population pyramids

      - Factors that influence population growth

      - Demographic transition model

      - Migration, emigration, immigration

      - Pull and push factors, barriers to migration

      - West of Ireland low population density and reasons for it

      - One example of organised migration

      ^ General Population stuff you need to know

    166. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Thanks but do you need to 3 examples of population pyramids and what about social and historical factors and resources and terrain. Do you need to know the 5 stages of the population cycle. How many factors that influence population Chang do u need to know, 3?. How much do u need to know about optomistic and pessimistic views. What about child mortality and life expectancy differences between the north and south. How many barriers of migration do u need to know. Do u need to know impacts of migration?if so how many

      Soryy for asking too much question but it's a very large chapter and I find it rather confusing

    167. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      No you just need to know how to read population pyramids and how to tell if it's of a developed or developing country. The social and historical factors and resources and terrain you needn't know (I haven't seen them in my papers).

      Yes you do need to know the whole population cycle (demographic transition model) - but remember that the answers are right in front of you (i.e. you're given a picture of the cycle).

      I would advise you to know all factors but at least three in detail.

      I don't know what ya mean by optimistic and pessimistic views sorry.

      Know the definitions of child mortality and life expectancy and you'll be grand. Like it's technically common sense to know that child mortality is high in the developing world and life expectancy is high in the developed world.

      You needn't know barriers of migration. I'd advise you to know ONE example and its definition (barriers of migration). If it comes up in a short question, you will be given a box full of words. Then you will give an example (from the box) of a push factor, pull factor and a barrier to migration.

      No you don't need to know impacts of migration.

    168. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Thanks!

    169. avatar image

      Aniboh

      Can u send me Secondary Economic Activity study QUESTIONS?

      jennyaniboh@Gmail. Com

    170. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Thanks a million! That helped so much

    171. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I sent them to you Jennifer.

    172. avatar image

      jenny_1000

      Could you give me a sample answer of 2012 Q4 C please

    173. avatar image

      earlybird707

      Hi there, could I please have a sample answer for:

      2011 Section A > Section 2 > Question 4 > Part B

      Thank you in advance :)

    174. avatar image

      geniuse

      what are the chances of there being a long question on anticyclones and depressions

    175. avatar image

      Aniboh

      Can you send me some long questions on Secondary Economic Activity

    176. avatar image

      Aniboh

      Lon question secondary economic activity

    177. avatar image

      Arogundade

      Describe an industry referring to its inputs outputs and processes

    178. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I already did with that attachment on your email and very low geniuse.

    179. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Arogundade what question is this? Because I have never seen an "industry" being asked for them. Are you sure it's not a farm you're being asked for?

    180. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Jenny and earlybird I am preparing the sample answers for you's.

    181. avatar image

      Arogundade

      im sure

    182. avatar image

      geniuse

      thanks

    183. avatar image

      Aniboh

      Any notes for Urbanisation please summer exams are fastly approachoing and I need all the help I can get

    184. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      See here to see why I am not helping anybody on this anymore.

      https://studyclix.ie/Discuss/Junior-Cert-Geography/predictions-geo

    185. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      ahh but your help is very helpful (i guess!) but sure jc is coming up so u got to help yourself lol

    186. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      No just because Alex is finding me so annoying, I guess that means I get off this forever and stop helping.

    187. avatar image

      O'Gradaigh

      notes on population? thanks greatly appreciate it

    188. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      hey now just because alex said that he finds you annoying does not mean that we do! plz lots of us need your help and the fact that you take your time to help others is amazing.

    189. avatar image

      Arogundade

      waterfall formation

    190. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Since Alex apologised (greatly I might add), I will resume helping on this and answer everything on this hopefully today.

    191. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Jenny

      (i) There are many reasons why economic development is lower in in the "south" or Third World compared to the "north" or First World but I am going to explain three reasons why this is so.

      Firstly, Third World countries are very poor and thus have very little money. This means that they cannot be associated with foreign trade as they cannot pay for the fees of shipping costs etc. This causes the economic growth of such countries to be very low which is always a bad thing as economic growth is the increase in the amount of products and services produced in a country over a certain period of time. Also, many of the countries like Mali are landlocked and thus are impossible to be in association with foreign trade.

      Secondly, many Third World countries suffer droughts, especially those filled with deserts. This is a major problem in Africa because the soil is overused and due to the lack of rainfall, i.e. droughts, the soil becomes infertile. In Sierra Leone for example, the overuse of its resources has led to an unproductive agricultural sector.

      Thirdly, in many Third World countries especially parts of Asia in countries like Iraq or Afghanistan, war and conflict has prevented economic development. Vast sums of the government money are being spent on weapons and this leaves very little for vital services such as education and healthcare. Many of the countries' population dies as a result of conflict and this makes it very difficult for the country to recover from and grow.

      (ii) Development and Emergency Aid

    192. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go earlybird707

      (i) Areas of natural beauty and cities.

      (ii) Tourism provides employment directly in hotels, restaurants, bars etc for the Spanish economy. It also provides indirect employment for those who supply the hotels and restaurants such as farmers and fishermen.

      (iii) Employment in tourist resorts such as the Costa Del Sol in southern Spain is often seasonal. The peak season for tourism is from May to September here. Many people are unemployed outside of this period of time in regions that are heavily dependent on tourism.

    193. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Arogundade

      An industry I have studied is a factory that makes doors and window frames. This factory can be seen as a system of many inputs, processes and outputs.

      The factory has quite important inputs. These include:

      - The wooden planks

      - Electricity

      - Machinery

      - The workers

      Using these inputs, they process by:

      - Measuring

      - Cutting the wooden planks

      - Moulding

      - Chiselling

      - Clamping

      After processing, the outputs that come include:

      - Window frames

      - Doors

    194. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Arogundade

      Waterfalls are formed when rivers flow over areas of hard and soft rock.

      The river erodes the soft rock but cannot erode the hard rock. This creates a step which the water starts to fall over.

      The falling water erodes deeper into the bed. The river load creates a plunge pool as it falls.

    195. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Have you got any notes on aid. We haven't done it and I don't think our teacher is planning to.

    196. avatar image

      sharpieee

      could you give me a sample answer for:

      2015 Section Two > Section 2 > Question 1 > Part A (earthquakes)

      2012 Section 2 > Section 2 > Question 1 > Part B (earthquakes)

      2011 Section A > Section 2 > Question 1 > Part B (earthquakes)

      2009 Section A > Section 2 > Question 4 > Part A (earthquakes)

      I understand that you are busy so whenever you can.

    197. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go O'Gradaigh

      Birth rate is the number of babies born per 1,000 people in the total population in one year.

      Death rate is the number of deaths per 1,000 people in the total population in one year.

      The model that helps us understand how a population changes over time is called the demographic transition model or the population cycle.

      Factors that influence the rate of population change are:

      - Food supply - A growing population needs an increasing food supply.

      - War - War greatly increases the death rate in an area.

      - Technology - Technology has led to an increase in food supply.

      - Health - A good healthcare system allows the death rate to be low and many survive to their elderly ages. Childhood vaccinations greatly decrease the death rate.

      - Education - Education leads to lower birth and death rates.

      - Role of women - Educated women leads to lower birth and death rates.

      Population pyramids are used to show the gender and age profile of a country. It also shows us if the country is developed or developing.

      A developed country has a fairly even population pyramid with the top and base fairly low percentages but the middle of the pyramid with ages like 30-60 have very high percentages of the population.

      A developing country has a very narrow top due to not many surviving to their elderly ages and a very long base as infant mortality is very high in these type of countries.

      Population pyramids are useful tool for governments and other agencies when planning for the future needs of the population. For example:

      - If birth rates are high, the government may need to plan for the extra pressure put on education.

      - If the Labour Force is low, there might be a need to bring in migrants to fill the needs of the economy.

      Life expectancy shows the average age that people are expected to survive to in a country. Life expectancy is quite high in developed countries but quite low in developing countries.

      Infant mortality is the death of children at a very young age. Infant mortality is very high in developing countries but extremely low in developed countries.

      An example of a city with a high population density I have studied is Kolkata (i.e. Calcutta). There are over 14 million people living in the city and as a result of its high population density, it suffers many major problems but I am going to explain two problems it suffers. Firstly, Kolkata suffers overcrowding. There simply is not enough living space for all the people who migrate to Kolkata. Many people end up living in shanty towns at the edge of the city. These shanty towns are called bustees. People make homes out of whatever material they can find including cardboard, galvanised metal and plastic. Another major problem Kolkata suffers because of its high population density is the lack of clean water. The sewage pipes in Kolkata are not able to cope with the pressure of such high population density. They can leak and pollute the water supply. When the monsoon rains fall, sewage pipes overflow and contaminate the water supply.

      An example of an area with a low population density I have studied is the west of Ireland. In contrast to the opposite side of the country, the west of Ireland has a low population density and suffers from emigration and rural-to-urban migration. As a result of its low population density, the west of Ireland suffers many major problems but I am going to explain two problems it suffers. Firstly, the west of Ireland suffers low marriage rates. Many young people leave the west of Ireland in search of better employment opportunities and access to good services and facilities. This means that fewer people get married, settle and have children in the west of Ireland. This results in a decrease in birth rates which in turn may lead to rural schools closing down and a loss of services in rural areas. Another major problem the west of Ireland suffers because of its low population density is the abandonment of agricultural land. Many of the farms in the west of Ireland are small and unproductive. It is difficult to make a living there and so it is an unattractive career for young people. Instead of inheriting the farm, they choose a career somewhere else. Many of the farmers in the west are older and less inclined to use more modern methods of farming. Some farms become neglected as there isn't anyone left to take them over.

      Migration is the movement of people from one place to another.

      Emigration is the movement of people from one country to another.

      Immigration is the movement of people from other countries to Ireland.

      Barriers to migration are things that prevent people from migrating. E.g. Visas, prices etc.

      Push factors are things that make people want to leave a country. E.g. War.

      Pull factors are things that make people want to go to a country. E.g. Job opportunities.

      Organised migrations are the movement of people planned by a government.

      An example of organised migration I have studied is the Plantation of Ulster in 1609. The Plantation of Ulster began in 1609 when English and Scottish Protestants settled on land that was taken from the native Irish. This happened because Kind James I wanted to stop rebellions from taking place and rule the whole island of Ireland as well as he wanted to spread English customs to Ireland. This Plantation was the only successful Plantation of the era and as a result, it had many effects on the country. Planned towns such as Coleraine and Londonderry were built. The settlers brought with them new ideas about farming and improved farming practices. They introduced new crops and increased productivity. The English language became the main spoken language of the country and the Irish language was in decline.

    198. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Aoife

      Aid is something given by wealthier developed countries to poorer developing countries that will be of some benefit to them. E.g. Money, food and medicines.

      The donor country is the country who gives away the aid.

      The recipient country is the country who receives the aid.

      Bilateral aid is where one government gives money to another government.

      Multilateral aid is where a number of countries give money to an organisation.

      Emergency aid is aid given to a country that suffered a recent natural disaster such as an earthquake.

      Development aid is aid that provides help to countries over a long period of time like money for healthcare, education and infrastructure in a country.

      Tied aid is purchasable aid to poor countries. It is the only aid that benefits the donor country also so it is not always good for the recipient country.

      Aid can help poor countries because:

      - In times of natural disasters, emergency aid is vital in saving lives.

      - Healthcare and education improve drastically when development aid is given.

      - Relationships can be forged between two countries, creating better links and improvements within the country.

      - NGOs (Non-government organisations) can help upskill local people.

      But aid can also have negative effects on the poor country because:

      - Countries can become very dependent on aid. This could result in countries not developing themselves.

      - Corruption can lead to aid being stolen and not reaching its intended target.

      - Tied aid could benefit the donor country more than the recipient country.

      - Aid can lead to huge amounts of money being spent on arms and weapons. This in turn can lead to wars.

    199. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Jennifer

      Functional zones are zones in a city that have different functions or uses.

      The CBD is the Central Business District which is where the big banks, office blocks and department stores are normally located. Land values are very expensive here.

      An example of a city I have studied with a various amount of functional zones is the world city, London in England. Here are many of its functional zones that can be found in the city:

      Shopping area

      To the west of the City of London lies the West End. This is the main shopping and entertainment district in London. Famous shopping areas such as Oxford Street are located here.

      Industrial area

      The old industrial area of London was the East End where the docks were once located. Nowadays, Park Royal in northwest London is the centre of industrial and business activity. Over 40,000 people are employed in this area.

      Recreational area

      There are 8 royal parks in the centre of London including Hyde Park and Regent's Park. These parks provide an important recreational resource for the city. The Olympic Park, built to the eat of the city for the 2012 Olympic Games, has been redeveloped to create excellent facilities for the former run-down industrial area.

      Types of housing include Apartments or Flats, Terraced, Semi-detached and Detached houses.

      Urban sprawl is the rapid spread of housing from the cities outwards into the countryside.

      Urban renewal is the refurbishment of old inner-city areas without changing the function.

      Urban redevelopment is the refurbishment of old inner-city areas and replace the knocked down buildings with new ones with totally different functions.

      A new town I have studied is Adamstown, Co. Dublin. Adamstown is beside the main railway line into Heuston Station. Commuters can leave their car at home and travel in comfort to Heuston at scheduled times without the strain and delays of traffic. They can take the Luas from Heuston into Dublin's CBD. Services were built as the homes were constructed. The train station, two QBCs, primary schools and crèche facilities for working mothers were provided early on. Schools created a sense of community quickly because parents met each other before and after school and got to know each other.

    200. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Thanks Sryan

    201. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Sharpieee

      2015

      (i) The epicentre is the point on the surface directly above the focus. It is the place where tremors are strongest.

      (ii) The effects of the earthquake were greater in Christchurch than in Wellington because Christchurch was much closer to the tremors of the earthquake compared to Wellington. As a result, Wellington only suffered minor damage because of this earthquake in contrast to Christchurch which suffered major damage.

      (iii) To reduce the impact or damage caused by earthquakes, you could build earthquake-resitant buildings in earthquake zones. Another way to reduce the damage would be to study the pattern of past earthquakes and try to predict when the next one might occur.

      2012

      (i) Mt. Etna, Italy is an example of a volcano.

      (ii) Volcanoes are formed when magma reaches the surface through a vent. It may erupt violently, blasting material into the sky. When magma reaches the surface, it is known as lava. Lava pours out of the crater and flows down the side of the cone. It cools and hardens. Other materials may also come out during the eruption. Layers of these materials build up to form a cone-shaped mountain.

      2011

      (i) The epicentre is the point on the surface directly above the focus. It is the place where tremors are strongest.

      The plates move along the fault line.

      The focus is the point deep in the Earth’s crust where the earthquake begins.

      (ii) Turkey and Japan are examples of countries where earthquakes occur.

      (iii) A method of reducing the impact of earthquakes is to build earthquake-resistant buildings in earthquake zones.

      2009

      (i) Japan is an example of a country where earthquakes occur.

      (ii) A = Focus

      B = Epicentre

      (iii) As the plates push into one another, pressure builds up until one of the plates slips and eases the pressure and a huge amount of energy is released.

    202. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I hope I helped everyone good today!

    203. avatar image

      sharpieee

      thank you very much!

    204. avatar image

      belle1234

      Do you have a route focus definition?

    205. avatar image

      belle1234

      Do you have a route focus definition?

    206. avatar image

      aisling.murphy.988

      Answer please for 2015 question 2B (iii) and (iv)

    207. avatar image

      Aoibhin.

      what all do i need to know about settlements

    208. avatar image

      12345user

      Have you any sample answers on "factors that influence climate"

    209. avatar image

      earlybird707

      Thank you very much for your help SryanBruen! It really helped me.

    210. avatar image

      earlybird707

      Thank you very much for your help SryanBruen! It really helped me.

    211. avatar image

      Arogundade

      formation of tombolo spit bar

    212. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Arogundade which is your chosen Coastal Deposition? It has to be one of them?

    213. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Belle,

      A route focus is where a number of roads meet together.

    214. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Aisling

      B

      (iii) Human activity contributes to the production of global warming in many ways but I am going to explain two different ways. Firstly, humans burn fossil fuels in homes, factories and power stations. The burning of fossil fuels contributes to global warming because it raises the level of carbon dioxide trapped in the atmosphere. Secondly, humans use chlorofluorocarbons in fridges, aerosols and foams. Since CFCs is one of the most damaging gases, they deplete the Ozone layer and thus this leads to a great contribution to global warming.

      (iv) Global warming is known for having many different effects on the Earth including Ireland but I am going to explain one effect it has on Ireland. Ireland is a rather wet country with frequent Atlantic depressions threatening the country throughout the year but amounts are generally small. However, as global warming became stronger, Ireland's rainfall amounts tended to grow over time. For example, many years ago, Ireland suffered droughts like the 1974-76 drought which included the exceptionally dry Summer of 1976. In contrast, recently in December 2015, many places in Ireland had their wettest month on record including Cork Airport which had a total of over 400mm of rainfall during the month compared to its average of around 150mm. This shows that global warming has clearly had an effect on Ireland's rainfall.

    215. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Aoibhin

      - The types of settlement patterns (Nucleated, Dispersed, Linear)

      - An example of Irish settlement you have studied with three functions in detail that have changed over time

      - What is a Polder

      This year, Settlement is not looking pretty big for chances coming up on the Junior Cert though - not certain however!

    216. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go 12345user

      Latitude: Temperatures decrease as you move away from the Equator. The sun's rays are dispersed over a large area of land as you move away from the Equator due to the curved surface of the Earth. Polar regions are colder because the sun's rays have further to travel than at the Equator.

      Distance from the sea: Land heats and cools faster than the sea. Therefore, coastal areas have a lower temperature range than those areas inland. On the coast, winters are mild and summers are cool. In inland areas, temperatures are high in the Summer and low in the Winter.

      Relief: Slopes facing the sun are warmer than those that are not. Thus, south facing slopes in the northern hemisphere are usually warm. However, north facing slopes in the southern hemisphere are warmest.

    217. avatar image

      Arogundade

      tombolo

    218. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Tips for ordnance survey maps and also aerial photographs plz

    219. avatar image

      adamchoudhary02

      Notes aswell

    220. avatar image

      Lara_nolan

      Do you have a sample answer for a light industry case study?? We did apple but I lost my notes

    221. avatar image

      Lara_nolan

      Do you have a sample answer for a light industry, we did apple but I lost my notes

    222. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Arogundade

      A tombolo is a ridge of sand or shingle which connects an island to the coastline. A tombolo is formed when a sand spit occurs linking an island to the coastline rather than stretching across a bay.

    223. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Adam

      - When doing a sketch map of either an aerial photograph OR OS map, make sure you have a title, everything labelled, coastline if there is any and though you don't have to, a bit of colour could make it look amusing to the examiner so they can give you full marks if you have everything else correct.

      - When giving an example of a function in an OS map like an example of recreation, you cannot just say there is a "golf course" at the town name. You MUST give a grid reference to your example as evidence. Much the same on an aerial photograph except you give the correct notation like right foreground or left background etc.

      - When doing an exam, bring in your small line of paper so you can figure out the distance of something on the map using the scale. You will not be given one of these papers in your exam.

    224. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Lara

      The industry I have studied is Intel Ireland Ltd. and it is a light industry. There are many factors that influence its location in Leixlip but I am going to say the main 3 reasons.

      Markets - Intel Ireland exports its microchips to markets in the EU, the Middle East and Africa as well as to other Intel plants throughout the world.

      Transport - As Intel Ireland employs about 5,000 people, good transport links are vital to the plant. Microchips manufactured by Intel are exported by air from Dublin Airport. This shows that access to the M50 is very important.

      Government policy - The Irish government, through the IDA, actively supported the establishment of Intel in Leixlip in 1989 with grants and tax incetives. The IDA had already zoned the site for industrial use.

    225. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      This is my studied light industry but I can make one of Apple if you want me to?

    226. avatar image

      Cathal_8908

      Anything on Igneous rocks? Also how limestone forms, I'm a bit confused

    227. avatar image

      Cathal_8908

      Anything on Igneous rocks? Also how limestone forms, I'm a bit confused

    228. avatar image

      Elisha447

      When drawing a sketch map.. Do you write the name of the thing eg golf course beside it on the map? Or do you just write the name In the key/legend?

    229. avatar image

      Elisha447

      Also how many case studies should I know?? All I have is the ausal auginish , functional zones of London, Calcutta population density, Irish road network ! I'm doing higher and presuming I need loads more!! Any advice on what else to study?

    230. avatar image

      Liz saji

      Can you help me with climates and what i need to know

    231. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I made a whole long question exam paper here for a few days now. It consists of my predictions for long questions that I think will come up and or most likely to come up. I compiled it carefully - exact same marking scheme, exact same layouts. I did this so that if you choose to do this, it will make you feel like you're doing an actual exam.

      attachment Junior Cert Geography Higher Level Paper (2016 Prediction Long Questions).docx

    232. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Cathal

      Igneous rocks are formed as a result of volcanic activity. Hot molten magma cooled down and solidified, either on the surface or within the crust.

      Key: The word igneous comes from the word for fire.

      We will look at two examples of igneous rocks.

      Granite: Formed when molten magma forced its way into the crust. It cooled very slowly over millions of years, allowing large crystals to form. These crystals included quartz. The magma eventually came to the surface when the overlying rocks were worn away. They can vary from colour to colour. It is used in the building industry and for monuments.

      Basalt: Formed when lava spread out across the Earth’s surface. It cooled very quickly and solidified because it was exposed to the air. As a result, it has tiny crystals that cannot be seen by the naked eye. It too varies in colour. It is mostly found in the Giant’s Causeway.

      Limestone: Formed on the beds of shallow, warm seas from the skeletons of tiny sea creatures, fish and shells. These piled up over millions of years. The particles were compressed and cemented together. The remains of some of the skeletons are preserved in the rock as fossils. Limestone various in colour and it is permeable as well as laid down in strata. It is found in the Burren in Co. Clare but is also Ireland’s most common rock type. Farmers use it to improve soil fertility.

    233. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Elisha

      Yes you label everything on your sketch map the way they say it in the question on the paper.

      For this year, I'd advise you to know the following case studies:

      - The West of Ireland / Mali

      - Aughinish / Intel / Apple

      - Kolkata / Hong Kong

      - New town you have studied (mine is Adamstown)

      - Irrigation scheme you have studied (mine is Egypt)

      - Tourism in Spain

      - An economic developing country with factors that hinder its development (mine is Sudan)

      - Functional zones of London

    234. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Liz saji, overall you should know for climate:

      - Three factors in detail that influence climate

      - ONE warm climate and its characteristics

      - ONE temperate climate and its characteristics

      - ONE cold climate and its characteristics

      - An example of desertification (the Sahel)

      - Tourism in Spain (Advantages and disadvantages of its industry)

    235. avatar image

      Magennis

      Why is costa del sol a better tourist region than Ireland ??

    236. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      The Costa Del Sol is a better tourist region than Ireland due to the quantity of sunshine. In Ireland, you are most likely to have a very sunny day (12 hours or more of sunshine) at least once a month in the Summer but in the Costa Del Sol, more than half a Summer month consists of such sunny days. If you want to do activities such as go to beaches, plenty of sunshine is ideal weather for them. Some people might also prefer having a lot of sunshine and this is a big pull factor for tourists. It is for this reason why the Costa Del Sol is a better tourist region than Ireland.

    237. avatar image

      Cathal_8908

      Thanks!

    238. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Have you got notes on the Central Valley California Irrigation Scheme?

    239. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      The irrigation scheme I have studied is the Central Valley project of California in the USA. The valley requires irrigation due to the fact that the area has a very mild climate with very hot summers each year and as a result, droughts are very frequent. The Sacramento River in the northern region of California has been used to irrigate the valley and provide water for drinking. Dams were built on the river to create large reservoirs where water can build up. Canals and aqueducts were then used to pipe the water from the north to the south of the valley. As a result, the valley produces a variety of crops such as vegetables and fruit.

      Advantages: The valley is irrigated in times of drought.

      Disadvantages: Frequent evaporation from the reservoirs which leaves the salt content high results in the poisoning of the land.

    240. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      This site has some useful notes

      http://www.studynotes.ie/junior-cert/geography-jc/

    241. avatar image

      Andrea_3649

      sryanBruen

      you are an amazing person - helping everyone out ad so knowledgeable

      where is ur powerpoints ?

    242. avatar image

      D_Fitzgerald15

      You wouldn't have any on Climates would you? You're amazing for online help, how do you find the time?? ;D

    243. avatar image

      gracef10

      Would u by any chance have notes on how the functions of an Irish town has changed over time? It asks for 3 different functions. Many thanks

    244. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Andrea if you go to my profile on Studyclix here, you can find my powerpoints in my uploaded resources (I have powerpoints on The Earth, Rocks, Shaping Earth's Crust, The Restless Atmosphere, Climate and Soils). It's no problem at all, I enjoying helping others. I'm glad my helping is doing everyone good - I'm so grateful to hear that. Same for you D_Fitzgerald15 - since climate is one of my powerpoints ^. I don't know hahaha. I literally have so much to do (YouTube videos, writing songs, live streaming, helping students and LOTS MORE).

    245. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I gave you one in your thread Grace (I saw your thread).

    246. avatar image

      jenny_1000

      @sryanbruen whats the difference between relief and aspect

    247. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Relief is Altitude and Aspect combined together?

    248. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Ok I will. Goodbye.

    249. avatar image

      Abbyfitz

      Sorry was wondering do i need to know any soil type in detail and if so which one(s)? :)

    250. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Ok I can now help you. Abby it depends on which two you have studied. The curriculum says to study two Irish soils in detail but I just studied one of my two I did in class. The one I have chosen is Brown Earth Soils. I haven't seen a past question asking you on both.

    251. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      It would be a good idea to study two because one year it was asked to compare

    252. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      What year was this Aoife?

    253. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      2007 HL Long Question 3C

    254. avatar image

      dan_fucked for the jc

      well....fuck

    255. avatar image

      heyooo

      Hey sryanbruen, can you please give me a list of all important topics to study for geography junior cert this year? Thanks

    256. avatar image

      Rory_4057

      What do you think will come up this year

    257. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      - Factors that influence climates

      - Coastal erosion / deposition

      - Land use

      - Tourism

      - Sketch map on OS Map (not Aerial Photograph)

      - Population distribution

      - Migration

      - Mechanical weathering

      - Chemical weathering

      - Weather instruments

      - Global warming

      - Population density

      - Aid

      - Urban redevelopment / renewal

      - New town

      - Why a city located at a particular place

    258. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Irrigation + Desertification too?

    259. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yeah ^

    260. avatar image

      heyooo

      Do you think a long question on a specific climate é.g hot desert will come up this year?

    261. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      heyooo do you not mean a specific climate e.g. hot, warm or cold? And it has a pretty high chance yes though I feel that climatic factors have a much higher chance. Do not rule them out though!

    262. avatar image

      heyooo

      Yes. I am planning on studying hot climate and boreal climate as well as the factors.

    263. avatar image

      heyooo

      Do you have any notes on land use and urban renewal?

    264. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      No I don't have notes on land use (pretty straightforward anyway) and I already posted about urban renewal above in Urbanisation notes for Jennifer ^.

    265. avatar image

      carolinaaplasencia

      SyranBruen Is abys and headlands considered as coastal erosion

    266. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yes

    267. avatar image

      amanda666

      Do you have any sample answers on temperate climates ?

    268. avatar image

      amanda666

      Do you have any sample answers on temperate climates ?

    269. avatar image

      amanda666

      Do you have any sample answers on temperate climates ?

    270. avatar image

      malik are

      Will Geographical skills: map reading and photographs pop up on the 2016 J.C. ?

    271. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      Which soil is the most simple/ easiest to learn? Thanks.

    272. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      What is your chosen one Amanda? I have sample answers for both.

      Cool oceanic or mild oceanic?

    273. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yes 100% malik are

    274. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      It depends on the person KxngOfDeezNuts but in my opinion, Brown Earth Soils.

    275. avatar image

      mncpxmmqn

      Okay so:

      a) thank you for these threads you're an angel!!!

      b) I'm an idiot and I haven't studied geography since last year, but I got 81% in the mocks (I actually really like the subject), what's the best way to cram for the long questions?

    276. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Divide your answers into small points. Like if it were the factors that rate population change then just name them:

      - War

      - Technology

      - Food

      - Status of women

      Etc

      OR if it were climatic factors, name the factors and maybe have a very short description on each

      Prevailing winds - The climate depends on the wind direction.

      Latitude - The climate depends on how close the area is to the Equator or the poles.

      Etc

      And on the day of the exam, you can expand. 81% is a brilliant mark anyways so I wouldn't worry much. Keep on rocking mncpxmmqn. You're welcome.

    277. avatar image

      geographing

      I see a lot of people are predicting a feature of sea erosion and deposition.

      Do you have notes on both of these? Thanks

    278. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      What's your chosen coastal erosion and deposition?

      Like mine is

      Coastal erosion: Cliff

      Coastal deposition: Tombolo

    279. avatar image

      geographing

      Those 2 would be perfect if you have any notes ? Would be a great help thanks man

    280. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      Can you name your predictions just for the long questions. Thanks

    281. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      Can you name your predictions just for the long questions. Thanks

    282. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Cliff

      1. Waves attack the coast eroding a notch in the rock.

      2. When the notch becomes deeper, the overhanging rock collapses under its own weight.

      3. As these processes are repeated, the cliff slowly retreats and usually increases in height.

    283. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Tombolo

      1. A sand spit begins to grow out from a headland as a result of longshore drift and deposition.

      2. As longshore drift and deposition continue, the sand spit extends out until it joins an island.

      3. The island is now connected to the mainland and is called a tombolo.

    284. avatar image

      geographing

      Thanks a lot

    285. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      By the way, these would get you full marks! My teacher even said so.

    286. avatar image

      geographing

      Great haha! Would you add a diagram?

    287. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yeah you have to on the exam. I can't on this. Studyclix does not allow you to upload pictures.

    288. avatar image

      Elisha447

      Do you have a sample answer for Sudan ( economic development) please ??

    289. avatar image

      geographing

      Great thanks :)

    290. avatar image

      Aoife_9776

      Sample answer on the migration of the plantation of Ulster?

    291. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      And can you give me simple notes on HOW the factors influence climates? Thanks

    292. avatar image

      dan_fucked for the jc

      Syran do you have any links for the diagrams on the cliff and tombolo

    293. avatar image

      adamcoll

      Do you have any predictions for geography tommorow?

    294. avatar image

      dan_fucked for the jc

      Syran do you have any links for the diagrams for the cliff erosion and tombolo

    295. avatar image

      adammmm32

      do yous think river erosion will come up?

    296. avatar image

      123HOLOPER456

      Hey @SryanBruen could you post the marking scheme for your own paper you made, want to see how i did thanks @SryanBruen

    297. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Elisha

      Sudan is an exceptionally poor country and it is the largest country in Africa. It suffers many development problems because of drought but I will explain one in detail.

      Climate change influences droughts and desertification and as a result, rainfall is very unreliable and the land can support very few people. So, plenty live in poverty.

      However, some towns or cities are close to or on the River Nile and water out of this river can be used to irrigate the land. As a result, the population density is high.

      This goes to show that Sudan suffers failed development.

    298. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go Aoife

      Organised migrations are the movement of people planned by a government.

      An example of organised migration I have studied is the Plantation of Ulster in 1609. The Plantation of Ulster began in 1609 when English and Scottish Protestants settled on land that was taken from the native Irish. This happened because Kind James I wanted to stop rebellions from taking place and rule the whole island of Ireland as well as he wanted to spread English customs to Ireland. This Plantation was the only successful Plantation of the era and as a result, it had many effects on the country. Planned towns such as Coleraine and Londonderry were built. The settlers brought with them new ideas about farming and improved farming practices. They introduced new crops and increased productivity. The English language became the main spoken language of the country and the Irish language was in decline.

    299. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here you go KxngOfDeezNuts

      Latitude: Temperatures decrease as you move away from the Equator. The sun's rays are dispersed over a large area of land as you move away from the Equator due to the curved surface of the Earth. Polar regions are colder because the sun's rays have further to travel than at the Equator.

      Distance from the sea: Land heats and cools faster than the sea. Therefore, coastal areas have a lower temperature range than those areas inland. On the coast, winters are mild and summers are cool. In inland areas, temperatures are high in the Summer and low in the Winter.

      Relief: Slopes facing the sun are warmer than those that are not. Thus, south facing slopes in the northern hemisphere are usually warm. However, north facing slopes in the southern hemisphere are warmest.

    300. avatar image

      123HOLOPER456

      @SryanBruen ????

    301. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Are you very impatient 123HOLOPER456?

    302. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      Thanks

    303. avatar image

      123HOLOPER456

      hahahah no sorry just thought you didnt see my post @SryanBruen

    304. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      Sorry for all the questions but can you give me SIMPLE notes on MIGRATION? As I don't have them in my book and my teacher is thick.

    305. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Maybe this will be of use to you KxngOfDeezNuts

      https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=https%3a%2f%2fwww.studyclix.ie%2fContent%2fUploads%2f24515bcd-383c-4da4-b0ee-b1384f2f470c.docx

    306. avatar image

      KxngOfDeezNuts

      Error file not found

    307. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      dan_fucked for the jc you can find them in my powerpoint here (Yes I designed this powerpoint).

      https://view.officeapps.live.com/op/view.aspx?src=https%3a%2f%2fwww.studyclix.ie%2fContent%2fUploads%2f4e5febd2-8fc5-4c14-8fa3-dbaa95381a33.pptx

    308. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      What the hell?

    309. avatar image

      SryanBruen

    310. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Adam all my predictions are in my paper above in this thread as well as here

      https://www.studyclix.ie/Discuss/Junior-Cert-Geography/predictions-geo

    311. avatar image

      123HOLOPER456

      @SryanBruen do you have an answer sceme or?

    312. avatar image

      123HOLOPER456

      scheme*

    313. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Adam no river erosion will not come up.

    314. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      123HOLOPER456 the marking scheme only has marks, it does not have any answers. If you are unsure about marking then ask me here, the marking scheme will be of no use to you.

    315. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      There I hoped I answered everyone's questions! Genie mac... you's all have me nackered.

    316. avatar image

      123HOLOPER456

      i mean the answers for all the questions on your sample paper please @SryanBruen

    317. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Yeah apart from about 5 small parts on the questions, there are no perfect answers as there is a lot of studied stuff involved and everybody studied different ones.

    318. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Like Aoife needed it corrected and she skyped me for it.... she didn't use no marking scheme, all she used was me.

    319. avatar image

      Jennifer_8496

      Could you give me an answer for this;

      What air masses bring cool and wet weather in the Winter?

    320. avatar image

      Clownie*

      could you give me the answer as to why linear settlement develops in a particular area? Thank you!

    321. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Jennifer

      Maritime cool oceanic temperate climates bring that kind of weather to Ireland in the Winter.

      Clownie

      Linear settlement develops in a particular area because of the presence of historical settlement. For example, monasteries were built by monks after Saint Patrick brought Christianity to Ireland in the 5th century. These monasteries were built in remote places like Glendalough in Co. Wicklow. As a result, linear settlement seemed to grow over time next to these historical settlement.

    322. avatar image

      irisruddy

      Thank you very much for all these revision notes, I've found them very helpful for preparing for the jc :)

    323. avatar image

      A-123St

      How would you study for questions where they ask you "describe the weather conditions you would find at X, Y, Z"? I'm talking about things like 2006 Paper, Section 2, Q1, Part A, and I just really don't understand it :/

    324. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      You're welcome irisruddy, glad I'm of a big help to you. I'm sorry that I could not answer your question. When it's daytime (or before an exam in the morning), I cannot answer questions due to the fact that my phone cannot log into Studyclix for some reason, so I have to use my computer (when I'm at home).

    325. avatar image

      A-123St

      Are you talking to me? If so, don't worry, I'm not doing the Junior Cert this year so I didn't have the exam today ;)

    326. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Oh ok good hahaha. Yes you.

    327. avatar image

      Caoimheryan01

      oh my god your notes literally saved me today thank you so much!!!

    328. avatar image

      A-123St

      What do you need to know from the Earth's Surface chapter? Like do you need to learn off all of the things caused by plate movement or just one for each type of plate?

    329. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      A-123 St, you need to know:

      - The formation of a volcano and a diagram of a volcano

      - Impacts the volcano has on Earth's surface

      - The formation of an earthquake

      - Examples of earthquakes (just name) (I'd always say: Tohoku Earthquake, Japan and the Izmir Earthquake, Turkey)

      - Richter Scale

      - The layers of the Earth - diagram (Crust, Mantle, Inner and Outer Core)

      - Types of volcanoes (Active, Dormant, Extinct)

      - Focus, tremors, epicentre and fault line of an earthquake

      - Seismometer & Seismograph

      - What a tsunami is

      - Formation of fold mountains with a diagram

      The Earth is a big chapter and filled with a lot to learn but once you look over the things a few times as well as practice exam questions, it will be very easy.

    330. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here's a paper full of questions on The Earth I made for you.

      attachment Exam.pdf

    331. avatar image

      A-123St

      Thanks!

    332. avatar image

      Aniboh

      I have a test on Economic Inequality, any notes?

    333. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Did you check through the comments / posts in this Jennifer? I remember some asking about Economic Inequality last year. If you did then please ask something specific like sections or case studies you're stuck on.

    334. avatar image

      eoghan_15

      Do you think that physical geography will be a big part of the exam judging by the fact that the 2016 exam had barely any physical geography questions.

    335. avatar image

      K_684

      What did you get in your junior cert for geography?

    336. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      No eoghan_15 but have a good number of questions. I will give predictions around March-April if you want.

      C, why K_684?

    337. avatar image

      Sarah_McHale

      Could you please post a sample answer for 2007 => Section 2, Q4 Part C. Urban Functions? (Describe how the functions of one Irish town you have studied has changed over time, referring to 3 functions.) On Navan please. Thanks so much, you're so helpful to everyone here!

    338. avatar image

      K_684

      oh... It's just (and I don't mean to be mean) but if you got a C, should you be giving others notes?

    339. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I will Sarah soon (maybe tomorrow).

      And here K_684, yes you are being mean. I SPENT MY TIME sitting on my ass helping students on this instead of studying last year. Plus, my school (including my teacher) and my primary school (including my friends) all know me as a Geography genius (just very recently I became very good at Irish). My problem is that I do not study, instead I help students as well as I have no interest in The Earth, Rocks and Shaping Earth's Crust chapters, so anything that I'm not interested in, I will do bad in. Also, the 2016 Geography exam was very badly examined as less than half of the predictions made by me and teachers came up which was very bad. NO POPULATION in long questions (besides factors that influence the rate of a population) even though there was a census, VERY LITTLE The Earth questions and NO COASTAL EROSION OR DEPOSITION. As soon as the exam was over, I was expecting a C due to how bad it was and what did I get? A C!

      Plus I've also said this before, you should not judge people's knowledge of a subject by bleedin' results. THE RESULTS TELL YOU NOTHING, it all depends on what comes up on the exam on the day. So yes you are being mean and really offended me especially with your closing question "should you be giving others notes?". DUDE before I even did my Junior Cert, I gave grinds to students (yes an actual student giving grinds to other students.... SO WHAT, you can trust me) and they got As.

    340. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      https://studyclix.ie/Discuss/Junior-Cert-Geography/2016-geography-hl-short-questions-answers

      SEE THIS I EVEN DID FOR STUDENTS ON STUDYCLIX and when I checked the actual answers from the SEC on the 14th September, they were all right!

    341. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      AND see the amount of negativity everybody had towards the paper?

      https://studyclix.ie/Discuss/Junior-Cert-Geography/what-did-ye-think-of-the-geography-exam

    342. avatar image

      eoghan_15

      @k_648 It doesn't matter about grades what matters is understanding. Exams don't dictate how smart you are. As you can see from all these helpful notes above sryanbruen is obviously knowledgeable in this subject.

    343. avatar image

      A-123St

      Anyone can see from SryanBruen's posts that they are of a high standard and extremely helpful. Do you think all of your teachers got As in their respective subjects when they were in school? SryanBruen is just trying to help others out; if his grade matters that much to you, fine, you don't have to use these threads, but don't try and stop others from benefiting from his advice and notes.

    344. avatar image

      K_684

      Jeez guys, I honestly didn't mean to mean. I can tell you really love geography, and that's great. It's just from personal experiences that I said that. I got notes from one person who was saying that they were great notes and stuff. They used these notes and could only get a C because they didn't contain everything they should have. It was rude of me to presume the same thing was happening here.

      I am really sorry, and I hope you kept on geography for your leaving cert due to your interest.

      Seriously, sorry.

    345. avatar image

      Aniboh

      Then can I have Case study examples?

    346. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here ya go Sarah

      Navan is a town in Co. Meath. It has had a wide variety of functions that have changed over time but I am going to explain 3 of these functions.

      1. Market function

      Navan is a route centre and therefore, it has a market function for the people of Co. Meath. The town specialises in manufacturing furniture and carpet. Navan Carpets exported its products to many countries. However, in 2004, foreign competition brought an end to Navan Carpets so as a result, this function of Navan has changed over time.

      2. Mining function

      In 1970, a large lead and zinc deposit was discovered near Navan and seven years later, Tara Mines began to mine this deposit. Since the opening of Tara Mines, lead and zinc ores have been exported from Dublin Port to smelters in Scandinavian countries. The Tara Mines employed about 670 people in 2008 which meant Navan's market function lived on then.

      3. Residential function

      In recent years, Navan has become a dormitory town for Dublin. When the Celtic Tiger began in 1995, Dublin houses' prices became very expensive and many people decided to buy cheaper homes in Navan. And because of this, Navan's population has doubled between the years 1991-2006.

      These are only some of the many examples of Navan's functions that have changed over time.

    347. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Q: 1. Explain THREE reasons why the level of economic development is lower in the "south".

      2. Name TWO ways in which this can be addressed.

      A: 1. Unfair trade, colonialism and debt and corruption are the three main reasons why economic development is lower in the south. Unfair trade has resulted in poorer countries - and workers in those countries being exploited and not receiving a fair price for their goods. Colonialism has led to the wealthier northern countries stripping poorer countries in the south of their natural resources. They cannot afford to spend money on important services such as education and health as they are crippled by the huge debts they owe.

      2. One way in which this can be addressed is by introducing fair trade. Workers must receive a fair price for their goods which are then processed and sold for a much higher value. The clearing of world debt would also help address the divide and give poorer countries in the south a chance to develop and spend money on the services that are essential such as education, transport and healthcare.

    348. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I don't see much to learn in Economic Inequality regarding exam question wise tbh Jennifer.

    349. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      But remember Sudan, this sample answer ^ and Aid.

    350. avatar image

      Zeinab15

      Sorry this is irrelevant but u seem smart can u please give me some tips for the junior cert- like when should I study and for how long and if u can especially help me with maths and English with some advice or notes u may have. Thank u so much in adavance☺️

    351. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I have posted English notes on my site here Zeinab15 and will continue to update in the future:

      http://thesuperstudent.freeforums.net/board/5/english

      And here's some good tips I shared (by Studyclix):

      http://thesuperstudent.freeforums.net/thread/42/dos-exams

    352. avatar image

      Zeinab15

      Thank you so much☺️💚 but do u have any tips on how to study maths 😊

    353. avatar image

      Zeinab15

      Thank you so much ☺️💚 Do u have any tips on how to study maths☺️

    354. avatar image

      Aniboh

      2016 Section Two > Section 2 > Question 3C

    355. avatar image

      Aniboh

      2016 Section Two > Section 2 > Question 3C

    356. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Zeinab15, I have posted some maths notes on the forum. And Jennifer, sorry I'm late, I will post a sample answer on that for you.

    357. avatar image

      A-123St

      Not a question, but guess whose Population notes were printed out by my teacher and given out in class today? 😂

    358. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      OMG are you actually serious hahahahahaha? Well at least now I can confirm that I can be an actual teacher when I graduate college. But this is actually very hilarious and amazing at the same time. I can't believe that.

    359. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      I really appreciate telling me that.

    360. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Tell your teacher that I will be sure to create more in the future if he/she likes them.

    361. avatar image

      A-123St

      She said to us "I've printed out some notes that a student made for themselves online" and I was like yeah okay, and imagine the surprise when it said "SryanBruen" at the top ahahahah.

    362. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      MADE FOR THEMSELVES - no offence but teacher, 10/10 grammar. Well I like people to know they're my notes hahaha. Plus, it's spreading my name around.

    363. avatar image

      A-123St

      Sure you're practically becoming famous now! xD

    364. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Here ya go Jennifer

      (a) One natural cause of desertification is climate change. Global warming has resulted in significantly warmer temperatures over the past couple of decades. The high temperatures cause evaporation to become a lot more frequent and in areas where rainfall is very unreliable or limited, this in turn leads to a number of droughts and famine. With vegetation dead and soil even less fertile, desertification spreads as a result of climate change.

      One human cause of desertification is human activity. The rapid increase in the world's population in recent times means that the demand for food has grown, leading to more intensive farming and increased pressure on the land. Farmers have increased their herd numbers which lead to overgrazing and this in turn destroys the roots of what vegetation there is and the soil becomes infertile. Farmers have started growing crops such as coffee instead of traditional and more suitable crops for the land or soil. These crops repeatedly take the same nutrients from the soil which eventually lose its fertility. Deforestation leaves the soil exposed and soil erosion takes place.

      (b) One effect of desertification on the world is that grassland has been changed into desert, forcing people to migrate and put pressure on the land to which they relocate. Another effect of desertification is that the soil is no longer fertile and is unable to support agriculture. This results in crop failure and the death of millions of animals due to the lack of food and water.

    365. avatar image

      charlotte-ohall

      what is the answer for 2016 long question 3A part ii ?

    366. avatar image

      Dafe555

      do you have answers for OS maps relating to rural patterns of settlement

    367. avatar image

      Otaku13

      Hey, What topics does settlement patterns come under when finding past exam questions?

    368. avatar image

      alimehdi1810

      Can you give me a sample answer to JC HL 2001 Q1 B? It's on Economic Inequality. Please reply ASAP

    369. avatar image

      alimehdi1810

      Sample answer for JC HL 2001 Q1 B

    370. avatar image

      SryanBruen

      Studyclix Team, please do not delete my comment on stating to not post in this thread. Sorry alimehdi1810 but I previously stated to not post anymore in this thread and instead post in another thread in the forum with the same title (except part 2). This is due to refreshing issues as the thread refreshes very slow because there are a lot of posts here.

    371. avatar image

      Me

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