All Junior Cert Geography posts
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    Big help & sample answers available (PART 2) SryanBruen

    Due to my previous thread now having way too many posts that the loading for the thread goes slow, I thought that I would create a new thread of it. If you want to see the notes or help I gave to students, you can see them here:

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      what is the answer for 2016 long question 3A part ii ?

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      do you have answers for OS maps relating to rural patterns of settlement

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      Hey what topic does settlement patterns come under when looking for papers?

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      Sorry that I haven't been available to answer your questions. I will hopefully do so tomorrow.

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      Dammit I forgot, I'm very very sorry.

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      And I can finally answer your questions.


      New settlements were created on polders so that people could make a living on the reclaimed land from the sea. The new settlements were also created due to more agricultural land. With the more population living on the reclaimed land, more services were provided and thus, created more employment for the Netherlands as well as give job opportunities to the people who decided to live there.


      Do you not have a specific question for me to answer for you?


      Urban Geography, O.S. Mapwork and Regions & Europe.

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      Renitha R

      Sample letter in Irish for a holiday(higher level) please

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      Does anybody want anymore help in Geography?

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      Renitha R

      So sorry thought it was Irish. Don't even ask me why

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      Renitha R

      By any chance do you have a thread for geography notes, I really need notes for economic inequality

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      For the moment, have this. I will get notes for you.

      attachment Geography Revision; Primary Economic Activities.docx

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      A query: would I be taking a huge risk if I were only to learn a form of slow mass movement, fast mass movement, one feature of coastal erosion, one on coastal deposition and the same regarding rivers? Or have exams previously specified exactly the feature they require you to write about? Thanks

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      do you have any population and economic inequality notes

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      Audrey T

      what do i need to know in the weather and climate chapter??

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      Evelunn55, no that's not a big risk at all.

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      Isabeldeas, you can find my population notes within the JC Geography resources on this. Economic inequality notes I don't have typed yet.

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      Audrey T, I'll reply to that ASAP, it's just that when typing this, it's very late.

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      Do you have a sample answer to 2010 section 2 question 3 (higher level)? I have a test tomorrow, and I only spotted this question now - and it seems extremely likely to come up!!

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      (i) As indicated by the table, the trend in the Celtic Sea over recent decades is that fish stock has gone down.

      (ii) Overfishing means exploiting the fish to the point where they'll become extinct instead of letting them breed new fish.

      (iii) The size of modern fishing vessels is one reason why overfishing has occurred. When these large fishing trawlers go to sea they are accompanied by factory ships. These factory ships process the fish at sea, which means trawlers can stay at sea for longer periods. A second reason overfishing has occurred is due to improvements in technology. Modern navigational aids such as echo sounders and sonar equipment are used to locate fish shoals. These fish are then caught by trawling or drift netting.

      B - you should have your own sample answer learned for this as schools do different companies

      C - Unfortunately, I cannot see the map but it's as simple as stating two reasons that you should know what you're doing - look out for attractions that catch the tourist's attention.

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      Can you give me an example of part B - for example the title. Because I'm not sure what the question is about

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      RUSAL Aughinish is located in Aughinish Island, 28km downstream from Limerick City on the Shannon Estuary. It is an alumina refinery that extracts alumina from the resource material, bauxite. Alumina is a semi-finished product.

      There are many factors which influence Aughinish's location but I am going to state three in particular.

      Firstly, transport. The Shannon Estuary is a deep-water estuary with depths of 22m at low tide. This is deep enough enough to take very large ships known as bulk carriers. Since, the heavy industry, Aughinish requires sea transport, it needs to be located beside water

      Secondly, the site. Aughinish Island is a very large water front site of almost 4km (squared). The site is large enough to store the waste material from the refinery.

      Moreover, the source of resource material. Bauxite, a bulky resource material comes mainly from West Africa by ship. The product alumina, is re-exported. Therefore, it is vital that the refinery is on a coastal location.

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      Thank you so much!!!!

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      Audrey T, you need to know the following:

      - Each type of rainfall, how they're formed and a diagram

      - ONE type of cold climate in detail

      - ONE type of warm climate in detail

      - ONE type of temperate climate in detail

      - Each of the weather instruments and know at least TWO in detail of how they're used

      - Though you must know what each instrument measures and its measurement type

      - Isobars / Isotachs / Isohels / Isohyets / Isotherms

      - What the atmosphere is made of

      - Warm/cold fronts

      - Coriolis effect

      - Water cycle (you need to know this for Science and CSPE also)

      - What an anticyclone and depression is

      - Causes, impacts and solutions to Global Warming

      In fact, the whole chapter is nearly all worth studying tbh, there is a lot you have to know for the paper in the weather and climate chapter.

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      Is there anything in the chapter on the restless atmosphere that won't come up in the long questions? The chapter is so long and it would help if I wrote notes on the things that are most likely to come up

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      Here ya go Eva, I've been working on these notes for you in the past hour.

      attachment The Restless Atmosphere Notes.pdf

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      Omg thank you much appreciated:)

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      Hi there, I was just wondering if you could please help me with the question from 2013 Section 2 > Question 3A higher level.

      Thank you in advance.

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      Hey! If you're not busy, would you be able to make a study checklist? I'd be so grateful if you could do so, as I just want to ensure that I've covered everything :)I know, you have a lot to do at the moment, so if you can't don't worry! And also, sorry if you've already posted a checklist, there's just so many threads it really difficult to keep track! :)

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      Hi I was wondering would u be able to help ,I'm struggling to write an answer to 2006 Q1 part C (ii)

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      (i) The type of vegetation is influenced by climate. Vegetation provides plant litter to form humus. Organic matter is broken down by living organisms. Rain leaches minerals through the soil. The parent material, aka the bedrock, provides the mineral matter which gives the soil its nutrients.

      (ii) Brown Earth Soils and Podzol Soils

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      (ii) The area at X, which is southern Sweden, suffers from high levels of acid rain due to them being exposed to wind and rain-borne pollution. As a result, the soil is poorly equipped to defend itself against acidification.

      Don't worry about that question as it's a very bad question and will likely never come up again.

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      BrianMurph02, I don't have time sorry. You need to look at past exam papers as well as your book and see what you need to study. For example, you need to know TWO types of Irish soils in detail.

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      Thank you sooooo much!! You're a life saver ;)

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      hi there, I was wondering have you any notes on global warming

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      Do you have any notes on mechanical weathering and karst landscapes

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      massey3120 they're in the notes on the Restless Atmosphere here:

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      Aseel.kheir, I have not got notes right now BUT if I have time tomorrow, I will make them for you.

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      Thank you

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      thank you

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      Here are the notes for you Aseel.kheir. Finally got them completed!

      attachment Weathering Notes.pdf

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      Big B

      Hey Sryan, can you please tell what do I need to know for Geography?


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      @SryanBruen. Can the Sahel region be used for long question on Drought? ex. 2014 Section 2 Q2 Part C

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      Yes it can

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      Any chance rain will come up as a long question this year?

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      It has a possibility.

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      i haven't started studying for geography what should i do

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      First of all, have you practiced a lot of short questions in class?

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      Same help please

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      Like him I ask the same question to you. Had you practiced a lot of short questions in class?

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      not really

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      have you got the mock long questions?

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      have you got the long questions from the mock paper ? i really need them

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      No I don't sorry. I did my mock in 2016.

      imnotsosmart, why not? If you did, you would have been somewhat prepared. For now as that was the case, go do at least two past papers' short questions though do not more than 3 - I wouldn't recommend it as stress levels will get very high regardless if they're easy. Start off with them and tell me how you do then we'll talk more about long questions.

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      caelan fox

      can u explain a form of fast mass movement

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      what do you think will come up for long questions? im really stuck on what to study and left it all to last minute

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      caelan fox, I unfortunately don't have an actual sample answer on the types of mass movements (I only have a table briefly explaining the effects, speed of them etc) BUT I found this slideshow here:

      You can find a form of fast mass movement on slide 7.

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      shaunakennedy01 you should never leave anything to last minute. Procrastination is terrible.

      My predictions and some other students' predictions can be found here:

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      thank you so much

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      Best Coastal deposition to do and sample answer. Thanks

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      That's very opinion based but mine is a Tombolo and here is my sample answer on my website (with a diagram included):

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      Do you know what's coming up for the long questions!!!???

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      Kacey1472 if you look just a few comments above, you will find the link to my thread on my predictions along with other students' predictions. Nobody truly knows what the long questions will be.

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      I'm hoping everybody's Geography paper tomorrow will be an improvement on my JC paper from last year especially because of the Irish paper 2 thoughts I've been seeing.

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      what are the definite long questions you think will come up in Junior Cert Geography?

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      There's only one definite and that's the OS Maps & Aerial Photographs question.

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      you know for the climate we have to study ,do we need to know both or just one?

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      What do you mean by "the climate" Chessy? Climate is a whole section and chapter. I don't get you.

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      Hi again If I study the exam papers by doing qs will I do well?

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      sorry i mean boreal and hot desert climate

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      Thanks any predictions on long qs

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      What should I study for tomorrow and what are your predictions

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      You have to study a type of temperate climate as well. You have to study one of each type, one cold, one warm and one temperate. A Boreal climate is a cold climate. A Hot Desert climate is a warm climate. You're missing a temperate climate.

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      Go a couple of comments above you two 'til you find the link to my thread on predictions.

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      Hi any help with maths paper 1 in doing ol I have been going through algebra and my my mock I got 65 and didn't really study in going to try aim for the B.

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      any predictions for the OS map questions ?

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      there's one prediction in the thread of my predictions but tbh, why do you need predictions for the OS map question like.

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      Hahah I did HL Maths, not OL.

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      Trump 8 my dog

      Do you think this year's geography paper is going to be hard. Irish paper two was a disaster for me, I don't want to addo anymore to that list

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      Do you have any predictions :)

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      And do you have any notes on a temperate climate?! Sorry!!

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      Do you have any notes on a temperate climate?!

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      I'm honestly not saying anything about the difficulty of the paper 'cause I guarantee you that I will automatically fail LOL just like I did with Irish's tense question.

      haventstudiedxx if you look a few comments up, you will find the link to my thread of predictions.

      Here's my notes on my temperate climate I studied

      Cool oceanic temperate climate

      - Cool oceanic temperate climates are found in Chile, Ireland, Norway, New Zealand and the United Kingdom.

      - Summers are rather cool with temperatures averaging 15-17c whilst Winters are mild with temperatures averaging 4-6c.

      - Rain falls throughout the year, but Ireland for example has different wet and dry months. April tends to be the driest and October tends to be the wettest in Ireland. Annual rainfall totals range between 700 and 2,000mm. As a result, the weather is cloudy and changeable in a cool oceanic temperature climate.

      - The natural vegetation consists of deciduous forests, oak, ash, elm and willow trees.

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      predictions for long q

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      Do you think either rivers or coastal erosion will come up? They're the ones I know best and I'm not sure about features of deposition ://

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      thank u so much :)

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      Do you need to know all 3 types of climate?

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      Coleman01 Liam and Hannahg12 you will find my predictions in a link a couple of comments above today - or just go into the JC Geography forum and you will see it as a very noticeable thread.

      Fatima347, you need to know ONE of each of the three types of climate, so one warm, one temperate and one cold.

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