so basically there is a question to write about the counter reformation. I can only think of 3 valid points such as the inquisition, the society of the Jesuit and the council of trent
(a) The Council of Trent
• It was a meeting of cardinals and bishops to reform/change the church.
• Three meetings occurred in Trentino, Italy.
• They ruled on matters of faith and discipline.
• Faith and good works are necessary for salvation. Word of God is in the Bible and teachings of the church. There are seven sacraments. Priests are not permitted to marry
• Abuses of Church outlawed. These included simony, nepotism, absenteeism, and pluralism.
• Catholics must be taught by a catechism.
• The images of Christ, Mary and saints were to be placed in the churches and people can be taught through them
(b) The Court of the Inquisition
• The Inquisition was a court set up to try heretics, and those people who went against the church.
• Found mainly in Spain and Italy and as a result these countries stayed Catholic.
• It used torture to force confessions, people were encouraged to spy on neighbours.
• Punishment varied from wearing a San Benito which was a type of cloak, or whipping.
• Those who refused to change views could be burnt at the stake in a ceremony called Auto da Fé
(c) The Jesuits
• The Jesuit Order was founded by Ignatious Loyola in 1540. This was the most influential of the new orders.
• The Jesuits were organised like an army. Its founder, Ignatius Loyola was an ex-soldier
• They studied for up to 14 years to become a Jesuit.
• They preached and taught. They were totally loyal to the Pope. Their education was advanced for the time
• Some members of the Jesuits were missionaries – St Francis Xavier
revise wise has notes on these topics