do you put a séimhiú after "le" in every sentence. sometimes it has "le thuismitheoirí" in my irish book and sometimes It doesn't. do I say "le Sheán or le Sean?" and "le Mháire or le Máire"? thanks need an answer asap for my oral tomorrow
No you don't! I don't know where you got le thuismitheoirí or le Mháire from - they're both incorrect. However, the nouns / adjectives would have a séimhiú if there is the respective possessive adjectives.
Remember, if the noun begins with a consonant and you are saying "my, your or his" noun in English, you add a séimhiú (unless it begins with the consonants you can't add a séimhiú to). So for example,
Le mo chóta - With my coat
Lena chairde - With his friends (lena cairde - with her friends; notice the difference)
You do not use a séimhiú if you say "with" (without possession). For example,
Leis an gcluiche - With the game
^ Instead you eclipse it (úrú) - that's if it can be eclipsed!
They're probably typos. Plenty of my books have typos too. They annoy me how they do. No, le Sean and le chara Aoife are correct (le chara Aoife - with friend Aoife? - that doesn't make sense... hahaha though).
Le cara an Aoife - I would say something along these lines (this maybe incorrect as the grammar here is very complex!). In Irish, we don't say like "Aoife's friend", we say "friend of (the) Aoife". This involves the genitive case which I mentioned to you before.
Are you having trouble with any grammar?
What are you trying to say by saying "á gcaitheamh / á caitheamh" - sorry that part is kind of confusing me.
Caitheann Seán bríste, seaicéad agus t-léine. <
I haven't seen this before. However, according to grammar rules and "tongue taste" (hahaha... how it feels of saying it on the tongue), I would say the one with "á gcaitheamh" is correct.
An miste leat a insint dom. I don't think I have seen a moment without "a" in the insint before.
When you're saying it, try pronouncing the 'i' like a 'h' in insint because then it is kind of easier to say with "a" before it. Remember to not do this if ever writing it down though!
SyranBruen, how are you so amazing at Irish?!
What's your secret? ):
O'Regan97 thank you very much. It's no secret really hahaha. I study Irish myself alone - with no help from school which is terrible the way they have Irish taught. I speak it with other people and daily life. Like I don't say "Yes", I say "Is ea" or "Oui" (cause I also speak French daily). I have plenty of resources and then I combine those resources into my own grammar book called,
Sryan Bruen's Irish Grammar
This book includes plenty of grammar exercises from a wide range of the grammar's topics including all the tenses, suitable verbs for sentences, prepositions, numbers, adjectives etc. On my mock, I got 71% (I would of got 79% if I did not confuse 'An tÁdh' (studied prose) has a grá theme (which it does not and I put grá down, so he gave me no marks for it despite me showing my full sample answer). He said exactly, "Foirfe ach níl grá le feiceáil sa scéal" (Perfect but love is not seen in the poem - meaning I know my sample answer well but I just did need to improve on themes).
Like there is no secret to remembering all things such as studied prose or poetry in Irish, you just have to know the full sample answer in English and then you can easily translate (once ya know your grammar and vocabulary).
If you need help, feel free anytime. I am willing to help anybody and make Irish one of the easiest subjects to ace.
At the start, I found Irish a very hard subject because of the literature crap etc but then I found out tricks like this ^ and now I have no problem with Irish whatsoever (though I have bad listening skills, so I literally fail cluastuiscint every time). Great books I have that helped me
- Collins easy learning Irish Grammar
- Collins easy learning Irish Verbs
- Revisewise JC Irish (HL)
- Less Stress More Success JC Irish (HL)