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Inventors and Engineers in Society | Definitions
Leo Bakeland
He developed the first synthetic plastic known as Bakelite.
John Logie Baird
Scottish Engineer born in 1888 who invented the first working television system.
Edmund Becquerel
(French) He discovered the photovoltaic effect while experimenting with an electrolytic cell made up of two metal electrodes in 1839.
Daniel Bernoulli
Swiss scientist discovered the principle that increasing the velocity of a gas or liquid lowers its pressure (principle behind the aerofoil).
Henry Bessemer
He invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively.
Edward Beard Budding
He invented the lawn mower.
Robert Boyle
Irish scientist who presented the law that the pressure of a given mass of gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature.
Chester Carlson
He invented the first photocopier in 1938.
Dugald Clerck
Born in Glasgow in 1859. He is identified with the internal combustion engine and the two-stroke engine.
Gustaf Dahlen
He developed acetylene gas and demonstrated gas welding for the first time.
Gottlieb Diamler
He was involved in the development of the motor vehicle.
James Dyson
He invented the use of cyclone technology in vacuum cleaners. It is a bagless system that does not clog or lose suction. He also invented the Airblade hand dryer.
Michael Faraday
He discovered electromagnetic induction. The unit of capacitance, the farad, is named after him.
Heinrich Focke
He invented the helicopter.
Charles Fritts
He was an American who described the first solar cell made from selenium wafers in 1883.
Heinrich Hertz
He discovered that ultraviolet light altered the lowest voltage capable of causing a spark to jump between two metal electrodes.
Joseph Henry
He discovered electromagnetic induction (independently of Michael Faraday).
John P. Holland
Born in Clare in 1840, he was an engineer who developed the first submarine to be commissioned by the US Navy and the first Royal Navy submarine, the Holland 1.
Steve Jobs
Born in 1955, he was the co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. and was largely responsible for pioneering one of the early commercially successful computers with its Macintosh machine. A range of innovations including the mouse-driven graphical user interface, iMac computer, iPod, iTunes, iPhone, etc. have followed.
Viktor Kaplan
Austrian engineer who invented a water turbine with adjustable blades.
Jack Kilby
He invented the microchip which is now being primarily used in the field of information technology.
Theodore Maiman
Born in Los Angeles, California, he invented the first operable laser. Today, laser beams are being used extensively in medicine, industry, electronic data processing and communications.
Henry Maudslay
He invented the first milling machine by mounting a tool on an arbour and setting it up between centres on the lathe.
Joseph Niepse
He invented the camera.
Nicholas Otto
German inventor of the first internal combustion engine (four-stroke engine) to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.
Alexander Parkes
He invented the celluloid.
Blaise Pascal
He developed the principles of pressure in water and air.
Charles Parsons
He invented the steam turbine.
Willhelm Roetgen
He produced X-rays in 1895 using a high-voltage discharge tube. The results have significant importance in engineering and medicine.
Ivan Sikorsky
Born in Kiev, Russia in 1889. He developed an early interest in aviation. His most important contributions came in the area of helicopter design. His single rotor design was a major break-through in helicopter technology.
German Sommeiller
He invented the compressed air drill in 1887.
Hamilton Smith
He invented the washing machine.
Simon Stevins
A Flemish mathematician and engineer, he founded the science of hydrostatics and introduced decimal fractions which laid the foundation for the decimal system of weight and measurement.
William Sturgeon
He invented the electromagnet.
Nikola Tesla
Invented the AC motor, the transformer and X-Ray technology.
Frank Whittle
British engineer who patented the basic design for the turbojet engine in 1930. The principles of his jet engine were used in British, German and American aircraft during World War II.
Eli Whitney
US inventor who patented the cotton gin and then manufactured muskets using power-driven tools to produce interchangeable parts.
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Inventors and Engineers in Society | Definitions
Leo Bakeland
He developed the first synthetic plastic known as Bakelite.
John Logie Baird
Scottish Engineer born in 1888 who invented the first working television system.
Edmund Becquerel
(French) He discovered the photovoltaic effect while experimenting with an electrolytic cell made up of two metal electrodes in 1839.
Daniel Bernoulli
Swiss scientist discovered the principle that increasing the velocity of a gas or liquid lowers its pressure (principle behind the aerofoil).
Henry Bessemer
He invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively.
Edward Beard Budding
He invented the lawn mower.
Robert Boyle
Irish scientist who presented the law that the pressure of a given mass of gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature.
Chester Carlson
He invented the first photocopier in 1938.
Dugald Clerck
Born in Glasgow in 1859. He is identified with the internal combustion engine and the two-stroke engine.
Gustaf Dahlen
He developed acetylene gas and demonstrated gas welding for the first time.
Gottlieb Diamler
He was involved in the development of the motor vehicle.
James Dyson
He invented the use of cyclone technology in vacuum cleaners. It is a bagless system that does not clog or lose suction. He also invented the Airblade hand dryer.
Michael Faraday
He discovered electromagnetic induction. The unit of capacitance, the farad, is named after him.
Heinrich Focke
He invented the helicopter.
Charles Fritts
He was an American who described the first solar cell made from selenium wafers in 1883.
Heinrich Hertz
He discovered that ultraviolet light altered the lowest voltage capable of causing a spark to jump between two metal electrodes.
Joseph Henry
He discovered electromagnetic induction (independently of Michael Faraday).
John P. Holland
Born in Clare in 1840, he was an engineer who developed the first submarine to be commissioned by the US Navy and the first Royal Navy submarine, the Holland 1.
Steve Jobs
Born in 1955, he was the co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. and was largely responsible for pioneering one of the early commercially successful computers with its Macintosh machine. A range of innovations including the mouse-driven graphical user interface, iMac computer, iPod, iTunes, iPhone, etc. have followed.
Viktor Kaplan
Austrian engineer who invented a water turbine with adjustable blades.
Jack Kilby
He invented the microchip which is now being primarily used in the field of information technology.
Theodore Maiman
Born in Los Angeles, California, he invented the first operable laser. Today, laser beams are being used extensively in medicine, industry, electronic data processing and communications.
Henry Maudslay
He invented the first milling machine by mounting a tool on an arbour and setting it up between centres on the lathe.
Joseph Niepse
He invented the camera.
Nicholas Otto
German inventor of the first internal combustion engine (four-stroke engine) to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.
Alexander Parkes
He invented the celluloid.
Blaise Pascal
He developed the principles of pressure in water and air.
Charles Parsons
He invented the steam turbine.
Willhelm Roetgen
He produced X-rays in 1895 using a high-voltage discharge tube. The results have significant importance in engineering and medicine.
Ivan Sikorsky
Born in Kiev, Russia in 1889. He developed an early interest in aviation. His most important contributions came in the area of helicopter design. His single rotor design was a major break-through in helicopter technology.
German Sommeiller
He invented the compressed air drill in 1887.
Hamilton Smith
He invented the washing machine.
Simon Stevins
A Flemish mathematician and engineer, he founded the science of hydrostatics and introduced decimal fractions which laid the foundation for the decimal system of weight and measurement.
William Sturgeon
He invented the electromagnet.
Nikola Tesla
Invented the AC motor, the transformer and X-Ray technology.
Frank Whittle
British engineer who patented the basic design for the turbojet engine in 1930. The principles of his jet engine were used in British, German and American aircraft during World War II.
Eli Whitney
US inventor who patented the cotton gin and then manufactured muskets using power-driven tools to produce interchangeable parts.
Cut dotted horizontal lines. Fold vertical line.

Leo Bakeland
He developed the first synthetic plastic known as Bakelite.
John Logie Baird
Scottish Engineer born in 1888 who invented the first working television system.
Edmund Becquerel
(French) He discovered the photovoltaic effect while experimenting with an electrolytic cell made up of two metal electrodes in 1839.
Daniel Bernoulli
Swiss scientist discovered the principle that increasing the velocity of a gas or liquid lowers its pressure (principle behind the aerofoil).
Henry Bessemer
He invented the first process for mass-producing steel inexpensively.
Edward Beard Budding
He invented the lawn mower.
Robert Boyle
Irish scientist who presented the law that the pressure of a given mass of gas is inversely proportional to its volume at a constant temperature.
Chester Carlson
He invented the first photocopier in 1938.
Dugald Clerck
Born in Glasgow in 1859. He is identified with the internal combustion engine and the two-stroke engine.
Gustaf Dahlen
He developed acetylene gas and demonstrated gas welding for the first time.
Gottlieb Diamler
He was involved in the development of the motor vehicle.
James Dyson
He invented the use of cyclone technology in vacuum cleaners. It is a bagless system that does not clog or lose suction. He also invented the Airblade hand dryer.
Michael Faraday
He discovered electromagnetic induction. The unit of capacitance, the farad, is named after him.
Heinrich Focke
He invented the helicopter.
Charles Fritts
He was an American who described the first solar cell made from selenium wafers in 1883.
Heinrich Hertz
He discovered that ultraviolet light altered the lowest voltage capable of causing a spark to jump between two metal electrodes.
Joseph Henry
He discovered electromagnetic induction (independently of Michael Faraday).
John P. Holland
Born in Clare in 1840, he was an engineer who developed the first submarine to be commissioned by the US Navy and the first Royal Navy submarine, the Holland 1.
Steve Jobs
Born in 1955, he was the co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. and was largely responsible for pioneering one of the early commercially successful computers with its Macintosh machine. A range of innovations including the mouse-driven graphical user interface, iMac computer, iPod, iTunes, iPhone, etc. have followed.
Viktor Kaplan
Austrian engineer who invented a water turbine with adjustable blades.
Jack Kilby
He invented the microchip which is now being primarily used in the field of information technology.
Theodore Maiman
Born in Los Angeles, California, he invented the first operable laser. Today, laser beams are being used extensively in medicine, industry, electronic data processing and communications.
Henry Maudslay
He invented the first milling machine by mounting a tool on an arbour and setting it up between centres on the lathe.
Joseph Niepse
He invented the camera.
Nicholas Otto
German inventor of the first internal combustion engine (four-stroke engine) to efficiently burn fuel directly in a piston chamber.
Alexander Parkes
He invented the celluloid.
Blaise Pascal
He developed the principles of pressure in water and air.
Charles Parsons
He invented the steam turbine.
Willhelm Roetgen
He produced X-rays in 1895 using a high-voltage discharge tube. The results have significant importance in engineering and medicine.
Ivan Sikorsky
Born in Kiev, Russia in 1889. He developed an early interest in aviation. His most important contributions came in the area of helicopter design. His single rotor design was a major break-through in helicopter technology.
German Sommeiller
He invented the compressed air drill in 1887.
Hamilton Smith
He invented the washing machine.
Simon Stevins
A Flemish mathematician and engineer, he founded the science of hydrostatics and introduced decimal fractions which laid the foundation for the decimal system of weight and measurement.
William Sturgeon
He invented the electromagnet.
Nikola Tesla
Invented the AC motor, the transformer and X-Ray technology.
Frank Whittle
British engineer who patented the basic design for the turbojet engine in 1930. The principles of his jet engine were used in British, German and American aircraft during World War II.
Eli Whitney
US inventor who patented the cotton gin and then manufactured muskets using power-driven tools to produce interchangeable parts.
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