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### C Atomic Structure Videos & Notes

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7 Videos & Notes
• What are Isotopes? | Chemistry | FuseSchool
What are Isotopes? Find out in this video from the Properties of Matter chapter. 00:00:02,590 -- 00:00:07,319 In a previous video we learnt about Isotopes. Here are a few more examples. 00:00:07,319 -- 00:00:14,319 There are two isotopic forms of Chlorine: Chlorine 35 and Chlorine 37. Remember isotopes 00:00:16,910 -- 00:00:21,869 have the SAME number of protons, but a different number of neutrons. So how 00:00:21,869 -- 00:00:27,090 many neutrons are in each of these isotopic forms of Chlorine? 00:00:27,090 -- 00:00:30,980 Remember: Mass Number = Number of Protons + Number of 00:00:30,980 -- 00:00:34,030 Neutrons. And the number of protons for each isotope forms 00:00:34,030 -- 00:00:39,960 of elements is the same, so we can rearrange this formula to calculate the number of neutrons 00:00:39,960 -- 00:00:44,969 in each form. Neutrons = Mass Number - Protons 00:00:44,969 -- 00:00:51,969 When we look at Chlorine on the periodic table it has an atomic number of 17, therefore it 00:00:55,149 -- 00:00:59,860 has 17 protons. So Chlorine-35 has a mass of 35. 00:00:59,860 -- 00:01:04,480 Neutrons = Mass Number - Protons = 35 -17 00:01:04,480 -- 00:01:06,909 = 18 18 neutrons 00:01:06,909 -- 00:01:13,909 So Chlorine-37 has a mass of 37. Neutrons = Mass Number - Protons 00:01:15,360 -- 00:01:18,929 = 37 -17 = 20 00:01:18,929 -- 00:01:24,590 20 neutrons. So Chlorine-35 has 18 neutrons and Chlorine 00:01:24,590 -- 00:01:25,999 37 has 20 neutrons. 00:01:25,999 -- 00:01:32,999 Another example of an isotope is Lithium. Lithium has two stable isotopic forms. 00:01:33,340 -- 00:01:38,619 The atomic number of Lithium is 3, therefore it has 3 protons. 00:01:38,619 -- 00:01:43,450 The isotopes of Lithium have 3 neutrons and 4 neutrons respectively. 00:01:43,450 -- 00:01:48,729 How do we calculate each of the isotopes mass number? 00:01:48,729 -- 00:01:52,349 Remember, Mass Number = Number of Protons + Number of 00:01:52,349 -- 00:01:56,209 Neutrons. So for one isotopic form the mass number would 00:01:56,209 -- 00:02:00,059 be: 3 + 3 = 6 00:02:00,059 -- 00:02:04,489 So we would have Li-6 And for the other form, the mass number would 00:02:04,489 -- 00:02:05,599 be 3+4 = 7 00:02:05,599 -- 00:02:09,580 So we would have Li- 7 Want to learn more? Visit: www.fuseschool.org This video is distributed under a Creative Commons License: Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs CC BY-NC-ND
• The Electron: Crash Course Chemistry #5
Hank brings us the story of the electron and describes how reality is a kind of music, discussing electron shells and orbitals, electron configurations, ionization and electron affinities, and how all these things can be understood via the periodic table. Crash Course on the internet! http://www.facebook.com/YouTubeCrashCourse http://www.twitter.com/TheCrashCourse http://TheCrashCourse.tumblr.com Table of Contents Snobby Scientists 00:43 Great Dane/Bohr Model 01:57 Electrons as Music 04:13 Electron Shells and Orbitals 04:44 Electron Configurations 05:54 Ionization and Electron Affinities 08:17 Periodic Table 10:18 Support CrashCourse on Subbable: http://subbable.com/crashcourse
• How to get an A in JC Science
A helpful guide on succeeding in Science.